(khĕlm`nô), Ger. Kulm, city (1993 est. pop. 21,600), Kujawsko-Pomorskie prov., N central Poland. Its industries manufacture iron goods and beer. It was founded by Teutonic Knights in 1231, passed to Poland in 1466, and was included in Prussia in 1772. It reverted to Poland in 1919. Among its historic buildings are two Gothic churches and a 16th-century town hall.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yolen acknowledged the balancing act in an author's note for "Briar Rose," which is set at the Chelmno extermination camp in Poland.
Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Chelmno, Sobibor and Treblinka were among them.
Auschwitz-Birkenau was the largest of the camps in occupied Poland - others included Treblinka, Sobibor and Chelmno.
in 1938), her uncle (Kurt Cohn, who fled to Australia in 1938), her aunt (Anneliese Frohlich, who died in 1942 at the Chelmno extermination camp) and her aunt's brother (Robert Frohlich, who died in 1942 at the Chelmno extermination camp).
After the Wannsee Conference in January 1942, the Nazis began the systematic deportation of Jews from all over Europe to six extermination camps in former Polish territory - Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Majdanek.
Some were murdered in the ghetto; most were deported, to be killed at Auschwitz or Chelmno.
Here, the Germans established mass extermination camps near Chelmno, in Auschwitz-Birkenau, Majdanek, Sobibor, and Treblinka.
In May of this year, investigations into the Majdanek death camp turned up around 20 former guards who could face charges, leaving four of the six total death camps remaining for review: Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor and Treblinka.
Potocki had kissed Gemma awake when she was discovered, barely breathing, by one of his partisan comrades in a mass grave at Chelmno.
The region, whose Latin-derived name refers to a location 'along a sea', encompasses almost the whole southern shore of the Baltic Sea, from Recknitz River near Stralsund in the west to the delta of Vistula River near Gdansk in the east, and Chelmno Land in the south.
However, huge gas vans were used extensively at the Chelmno extermination camp in Poland, where more than 300,000 people were liquidated in this manner, according to documentation made available at the trials of war criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals.