Chemical Ammunition

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chemical ammunition

[′kem·i·kəl ‚am·yə′nish·ən]
Any ammunition, such as bombs, projectiles, bullets, or flares, containing a chemical agent, such as war gases, smokes, and incendiaries.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chemical Ammunition


ammunition equipped with toxic chemical agents for the purpose of destroying personnel and contaminating matériel and the terrain. It is included in the armament of several capitalist countries.

Toxic chemical agents can be loaded into missile warheads, artillery shells, land mines, bombs, magazines, spray tanks, fougasses, hand grenades, and aerosol generating equipment (devices for dispersing toxic aerosols in the air), including toxicsmoke pots. Although chemical weapons are prohibited by international agreement, several capitalist countries are continuing to perfect them. For example, in the USA a new type of chemical ammunition is being developed that uses, instead of the usual single toxic chemical agent, two nonlethal or slightly toxic agents, which produce a highly toxic agent when mixed, which can be done at the moment of launching, during the flight itself, or upon impact.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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