(redirected from Chemical laboratory)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


(science and technology)
A place for experimental study.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an establishment, department, or division of a research institute, planning and design organization, industrial, agricultural, transport, communications, public health, or cultural enterprise, educational institution, or any other organization that conducts scientific, production-control, or educational experiments. A scientific research laboratory may also be an autonomous structural subdivision of an academy of sciences, a ministry, or an agency.

Higher educational institutions have three types of laboratories: teaching laboratories (for various disciplines) for student laboratory work; special problem laboratories, for solving important scientific or technological research problems (primarily in the basic sciences); and sectorial laboratories, for solving immediate applied problems of various sectors of the national economy. The special problem and sectorial laboratories have been part of higher educational institutions since 1956. The special problem laboratories are financed from the state budget; the sectorial laboratories, by appropriations from the respective branches of the national economy. As of 1973, there were more than 600 special problem and about 700 sectorial laboratories in the higher educational institutions. All of them, regardless of type, conduct scientific research and educational-methodological work. Industrial and other enterprises, research institutes, and other organizations also maintain special problem and sectorial laboratories (for example, in sociology and economics).

Production-control laboratories are set up at industrial and other enterprises and state and public organizations to research concrete problems. There are control laboratories at plants to check incoming raw materials and finished products, clinical laboratories at medical institutions, criminology laboratories for investigative and juridical agencies, and agrochemical laboratories for agricultural organizations. The laboratories of specialized secondary, vocational and technical, and general schools are used, for the most part, for educational purposes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a laboratory?

A laboratory symbolizes a place to experiment with one’s inner feelings, beliefs, and fears.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Guruswamy Kumaraswamy and a group of scientists from the National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) of India have used a Linkam TST350 tensile testing temperature stage to look at the influence of this semi-crystalline morphology on the mechanical characteristics of the film.
A medical expert at the civil hospital in Mohali told reporters that the chemical laboratory had sent the report to them and the same would be forwarded to the district police after holding consultation with two senior doctors on September 10.
Chemical laboratory companies analyzed and evaluated enemy chemical warfare agents and determined the best methods for protection, identification, and decontamination operations.
India's National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) recently announced that it, in conjunction with Bharat Heavy Electricals, Ltd., Sud-Chemie Pvt., Ltd.
The shed has long since lost its function as a chemical laboratory to become an exhibit that suddenly finds itself, in its original location, as a replica, if not as new invention.
Today, it is often believed that all major Western medicine comes from a chemical laboratory, and that it is, therefore, old-fashioned to study natural remedies.
Two years ago, a team from the National Chemical Laboratory in Pune, India, reported that a fungus called Verticillium can be induced to fabricate silver nanoparticles within its cells when it's placed in a silver nitrate solution.
It will also have an X-ray department and a chemical laboratory. The hospital will have a staff of around 100.
"The average household today contains more chemicals than lithe average chemical laboratory of 100 years ago," says Michael Haire of the Maryland Department of the Environment.
A DAMNING report on working conditions inside a chemical laboratory where a technician died has been delivered to legal chiefs.