Figure 5 shows the XRD patterns of Co-based powders prepared by chemical reduction
with and without CTAB and carbon-coating heat treatment at 700[degrees]C for 1h.
The synthesis of copper nanoparticles was performed using wet chemical reduction
in atmospheric air; the following procedure describes the synthesis of NPs R4.
The HH production of the chemical reduction
is the main reason for the increase in the acidification potential in this case as it causes the production of N[O.sub.x] species.
In the case of chemical reduction
, sheet resistance was an order of magnitude higher than in other above-mentioned cases.
Numerous physical and chemical methods have been used to carry out the synthesis of metal nanoparticles that include laser ablation, ion sputtering, solvothermal synthesis, chemical reduction
, and sol-gel method [3, 27-31].
Wu et al., "Soft magnetic Co-Fe-B-P and Co-Fe-V-B-P amorphous alloy nano-particles prepared by aqueous chemical reduction
," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol.
During the process of chemical reduction
, the precursor decomposes to generate a nucleus of the crystal at first, and then the crystal grain grows during the thermal treatment.
In the chemical routes, silver ions in aqueous solutions are reduced, with or without stabilizing agents, by using electrochemical reduction, photoreduction in reverse and bicontinuous micelles, and chemical reduction
Method: Mainly the chemical reduction
process in solution involves three main components, (i) Metal precursor (ii) reducing agent (iii) capping agent.
Palladium is plated via chemical reduction
, rather than displacement, so there's no opportunity for compromise of the electroless nickel.
Zhang et al., "Tuning chemical enhancement of SERS by controlling the chemical reduction
of graphene oxide nanosheets," ACS Nano, vol.
Specifically, the widely used chemical reduction
methods  usually employ toxic and perilous chemicals that are responsible for various biological risks.