Chemnitz


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Chemnitz

(kĕm`nĭts), formerly

Karl-Marx-Stadt

(kärl-märks-shtät), city (1994 pop. 279,520), Saxony, E central Germany, on the Chemnitz River. It is a major industrial center and an important road and rail junction; it has become one of the most heavily polluted cities in Europe. Manufactures include machine tools, machinery, chemicals, private and commercial vehicles, and textiles. Nearby is a large open-pit lignite mine. Of Wendish origin, the city was chartered in 1143, when it was also granted a linen-weaving monopoly. It grew as a trade center, was devastated in the Thirty Years War (1618–48), and recovered its prosperity after the introduction (late 17th cent.) of cotton milling. Noteworthy buildings of the city include two Renaissance-style city halls (one built in 1496 and the other in 1911) and a late-Gothic church, the Stadtkirche (1136). The city was renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt in 1953 but returned to its original name shortly after German reunification in 1990.

Chemnitz

a city in E Germany, in Saxony, at the foot of the Erzgebirge: textiles, engineering. Pop.: 249 922 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to Chemnitz University of Technology and its leading institutes and chairs that are taking part - such as the Institute for Management and Factory Systems from the Professorship of Factory Planning and Factory Management, the Professorship of Ergonomics and Innovation Management, and the Professorship for Private and Intellectual Property Law - more than 25 employees are distributed among project partners Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, the ICM - Institute of Chemnitz Mechanical and Systems Engineering e.V., TTI Technology Transfer and Innovation Promotion Magdeburg GmbH and the Chemnitz Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
On September 14, several group members, including four of the ones detained earlier in the day, as well the leader of the group, who was detained on a separate occasion, attacked migrants in Chemnitz with bottles and tasers.
After a weekend of protests in which right-wing extremists vastly outnumbered counter-protesters, a huge crowd estimated by city authorities as 50,000 people massed by early evening at the Chemnitz free concert Monday.
In a joint statement, the participating musicians paid tribute to the thousands of people took to the streets in Chemnitz to face off the far-right throngs.
The eastern state of Saxony, where Chemnitz is located, has long been a hotbed of anti-migrant sentiment.
We want to show that Chemnitz has another side that is cosmopolitan and opposes xenophobia," Tim Detzner, the head of the radical Left party in Chemnitz, told the rally.
Chemnitz is the oldest site of what is today the Oerlikon Manmade Fibers segment: founded as Carl Hamel AG in 1866, the company was located at its current site in SchAlnau as early as 1896.
With a budget of 4.5 million Euros from government and private donations, Chemnitz has finally achieved a modest but inspiring replacement synagogue.
"Let us show together who has the say in the city!" it continued, calling on "all Chemnitz fans and sympathizers" to meet at the colossal bust of Karl Marx in the center of the city formerly know as Karl-Marx-Stadt.