, a Beijing University professor who led the New Culture Movement, said that Joseon's independence movement was magnificent, heroic and, at the same time, articulate: It ushered in a new era in the world history of revolution by only employing the will of the people without the use of force.
1200: Sunglasses are invented in China 1916: First day of the Battle of the Somme sees the British Army suffer its worst day, losing 19,240 men 1921: The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu
elected its leader 1960: Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba 1967: The first British colour TV broadcast takes place, on BBC 2 1969: Prince Charles is formally invested as the Prince of Wales at Caernarvon Castle 1969: John Lennon and Yoko Ono are admitted to hospital after a car crash 1972: The first Gay Pride march in England takes place 1977: Virginia Wade (pictured) wins Wimbledon, beating Betty Stove 4-6, 6-3, 6-1 1979: Sony introduces the Walkman 1997: The UK returns Hong Kong and the New Territories to the People's Republic of China
There is particular focus on two important intellectuals of the period: Hu Shi, the Beijing University professor who developed baihua, and his colleague Chen Duxiu
, who cofounded the Chinese Communist Party.
Among the inherited trends they followed was their criticism of late Qing fiction which originated in "literary revolutionaries" such as Chen Duxiu
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and Hu Shi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
(1879-1942), a leading figure of the May 4th Movement, a non-Christian, and one of the founders of Chinese Communist Party in 1925, who published the influential Xin Qingnian (New Youth) magazine in disseminating new and critical ideas from the West, ponders on the strange relationship between Christianity and China.
Meanwhile Communist Party of China (CPC) was founded on July 1 1921 by Chen Duxiu
and Li Dazhao.
We must understand that the thinking of Li Dazhou and Chen Duxiu
was rooted in Western liberal ideas before they began to envisage Marxism-Leninism as the remedy for China's ills, but it should also be recognised that many facets of their philosophical bases grew from the same modes of thought that had inspired Marx.
Sturman references a 1917 essay by Chen Duxiu
attacking hermits as an obstacle to modern Chinese literature and thought.
1921 Revolutionaries Mao Zedong and Chen Duxiu
secretly meet in Shanghai and establish the Communist Party of China.
Kicking off with the Wuchang Uprising of October 1911 that triggered the Qing Dynasty's downfall, the narrative initially focuses on Sun Yat-sen (Ma Shaohua), pioneering revolutionary and leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT), and fellow anti-imperial agitator Chen Duxiu