Chen Duxiu


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Chen Duxiu

or

Ch'en Tu-hsiu

(both: chŭn do͞o-shyo͞o), 1879–1942, Chinese educator and Communist party leader. He was active in the republican revolution of 1911 and was forced to flee to Japan after taking part in the abortive "second revolution" of 1913 against Yüan Shih-kaiYüan Shih-kai
, 1859–1916, president of China (1912–16). From 1885 to 1894 he was the Chinese resident in Korea, then under Chinese suzerainty. He supported the dowager empress, Tz'u Hsi, against the reform movement (1898) of Emperor Kuang Hsü, and she
..... Click the link for more information.
. In 1915 he founded the journal New Youth in Shanghai. Articles by Ch'en, Li DazhaoLi Dazhao
, 1888–1927, professor of history and librarian at Beijing Univ., cofounder of the Chinese Communist party with Chen Duxiu. He was the first important Chinese intellectual to support the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Hu ShihHu Shih
, 1891–1962, Chinese philosopher and essayist, leading liberal intellectual in the May Fourth Movement (1917–23). He studied under John Dewey at Columbia Univ., becoming a lifelong advocate of pragmatic evolutionary change.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and others encouraged Chinese youth to create a new culture free from Confucianism. He was dean of the school of arts and sciences of Beijing Univ. from Jan., 1917, until forced to resign under conservative pressure in Mar., 1919. Ch'en was converted to Marxism in the period following the student-led intellectual revolution known as the May Fourth MovementMay Fourth Movement
(1919), first mass movement in modern Chinese history. On May 4, about 5,000 university students in Beijing protested the Versailles Conference (Apr. 28, 1919) awarding Japan the former German leasehold of Kiaochow (Jiaozhou), Shandong prov.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1919). He founded (1920) two Marxist groups, and in 1921 representatives of these groups met with representatives of groups organized by Li Dazhao (neither Chen nor Li were present) to found the Communist party. He was dismissed from party leadership and withdrew from the party in 1927 over his opposition to the CominternComintern
[acronym for Communist International], name given to the Third International, founded at Moscow in 1919. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin feared a resurgence of the Second, or Socialist, International under non-Communist leadership.
..... Click the link for more information.
-ordered policy of armed insurrection.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Chen Duxiu, a Beijing University professor who led the New Culture Movement, said that Joseon's independence movement was magnificent, heroic and, at the same time, articulate: It ushered in a new era in the world history of revolution by only employing the will of the people without the use of force.
1200: Sunglasses are invented in China 1916: First day of the Battle of the Somme sees the British Army suffer its worst day, losing 19,240 men 1921: The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader 1960: Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba 1967: The first British colour TV broadcast takes place, on BBC 2 1969: Prince Charles is formally invested as the Prince of Wales at Caernarvon Castle 1969: John Lennon and Yoko Ono are admitted to hospital after a car crash 1972: The first Gay Pride march in England takes place 1977: Virginia Wade (pictured) wins Wimbledon, beating Betty Stove 4-6, 6-3, 6-1 1979: Sony introduces the Walkman 1997: The UK returns Hong Kong and the New Territories to the People's Republic of China
There is particular focus on two important intellectuals of the period: Hu Shi, the Beijing University professor who developed baihua, and his colleague Chen Duxiu, who cofounded the Chinese Communist Party.
Among the inherited trends they followed was their criticism of late Qing fiction which originated in "literary revolutionaries" such as Chen Duxiu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and Hu Shi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
Chen Duxiu (1879-1942), a leading figure of the May 4th Movement, a non-Christian, and one of the founders of Chinese Communist Party in 1925, who published the influential Xin Qingnian (New Youth) magazine in disseminating new and critical ideas from the West, ponders on the strange relationship between Christianity and China.
Meanwhile Communist Party of China (CPC) was founded on July 1 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao.
We must understand that the thinking of Li Dazhou and Chen Duxiu was rooted in Western liberal ideas before they began to envisage Marxism-Leninism as the remedy for China's ills, but it should also be recognised that many facets of their philosophical bases grew from the same modes of thought that had inspired Marx.
Sturman references a 1917 essay by Chen Duxiu attacking hermits as an obstacle to modern Chinese literature and thought.
1921 Revolutionaries Mao Zedong and Chen Duxiu secretly meet in Shanghai and establish the Communist Party of China.
Kicking off with the Wuchang Uprising of October 1911 that triggered the Qing Dynasty's downfall, the narrative initially focuses on Sun Yat-sen (Ma Shaohua), pioneering revolutionary and leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT), and fellow anti-imperial agitator Chen Duxiu (Feng Yuanzheng).