Cheng Hao

Ch’eng Hao

 

Born 1032; died 1085. Chinese philosopher; a founder of neo-Confucianism.

Ch’eng Hao, together with his brother Ch’eng I, developed one of the fundamental ideas of neo-Confucianism—the concept of li. Li is a universal law that is both singular and diverse; it is inherent in and governs all people, things, and phenomena. Li is self-evident and independent, and it can be neither increased, or strengthened, nor diminished, or weakened. Ch’eng Hao was greatly concerned with the idea of existence as a continual process of birth and rebirth; all things possess a “life-giving principle”—namely, jen, or “humaneness.” Jen eliminates the barriers between the self and all else, and it unites the heavens, earth, and man.

REFERENCES

See references under CHU HSI.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is no reason that, alongside the study of Anselm, Peter Abelard, or Aquinas, for example, that students of world history and culture should not also be exposed to the works of Cheng Hao and Wang Yang-ming.
This book examines the work of eight key thinkers: Zhou Dun-yi (1017-1073), Shao Yong (1011-1077), Zhang Zai (1020-1077), Cheng Hao (1032-1085), Cheng Yi (1033-1107), Zhu Xi (1130-1200), Lu Xiang-shan (1139-1193), and Wang Yang-ming (1472-1529).