Cheng Hao

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ch’eng Hao


Born 1032; died 1085. Chinese philosopher; a founder of neo-Confucianism.

Ch’eng Hao, together with his brother Ch’eng I, developed one of the fundamental ideas of neo-Confucianism—the concept of li. Li is a universal law that is both singular and diverse; it is inherent in and governs all people, things, and phenomena. Li is self-evident and independent, and it can be neither increased, or strengthened, nor diminished, or weakened. Ch’eng Hao was greatly concerned with the idea of existence as a continual process of birth and rebirth; all things possess a “life-giving principle”—namely, jen, or “humaneness.” Jen eliminates the barriers between the self and all else, and it unites the heavens, earth, and man.


See references under CHU HSI.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Guo Qing Luo, (1) Xiao Ping Chen, (2) Zhang Cheng Hao, (3) Bing Liu, (4) and Yu Jian Cheng (5)
There is no reason that, alongside the study of Anselm, Peter Abelard, or Aquinas, for example, that students of world history and culture should not also be exposed to the works of Cheng Hao and Wang Yang-ming.
This book examines the work of eight key thinkers: Zhou Dun-yi (1017-1073), Shao Yong (1011-1077), Zhang Zai (1020-1077), Cheng Hao (1032-1085), Cheng Yi (1033-1107), Zhu Xi (1130-1200), Lu Xiang-shan (1139-1193), and Wang Yang-ming (1472-1529).