Cheng I

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ch’eng I


(also Ch’eng I-ch’uan). Born 1033; died 1107. Chinese philosopher; a founder of neo-Confucianism. Brother of Ch’eng Hao.

As compared to Ch’eng Hao, Ch’eng I placed greater emphasis on the harmony between the oneness and the diversity of li or “principle”; his thesis, “principle is one but its manifestations are many,” is one of the best-known philosophical tenets in China. Ch’eng I held that ch’i, or “material force,” always possesses a physical form, whereas “principle” precedes and is therefore devoid of physical form. According to Ch’eng I, yin and yang (the basic categories in Chinese natural philosophy) do not exist outside of “principle,” and all things have both a corporeal and a nonmaterial aspect, corresponding to “material force” and “principle.”


See references under CHU HSI.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cheng is an architect and dissident who conspired with others in the 1970 assassination attempt on Chiang Ching-kuo, vice premier and later president of Taiwan.
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Cheng is now retired, but she was actively involved in establishing Taiwan's educational and social service programs for more than 40 years.
Cheng is a graduate in advertising design of the Fu-Hsin Trade and Art School in Taiwan, and is currently working as a design assistant at Linnaea Tillett Lighting Design in New York.
Cheng is the latest in a string of senior officials sentenced to death or executed in what are seen as Communist Party attempts to demonstrate its commitment to eradicating pervasive graft.
''As Cheng is suspected of violating China's Criminal Law, his case will be transferred to judicial departments,'' the official Xinhua News Agency quoted a disciplinary report as saying.
Cheng is also dedicated to promoting cultural exchanges with Chinese performers over the years.
Li said that Cheng is a permanent resident in Hong Kong traveling with a mainland travel permit.