Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.


(chŭng-do͞o) or


city (1994 est. pop. 1,932,800), capital of Sichuan prov., SW China, on the Min River. It is a port and the commercial center of the Chengdu plain, the main farming area of Sichuan. Its irrigation system dates back to the 2d cent. B.C. A transportation hub, it is the rail center for SE China. Products include textiles, processed foods, chemicals, machinery, railway equipment, aluminum, electronics, and paper. High-grade iron ore is mined at nearby Lugu.

Chengdu, an old walled city, was in existence during the Ch'un-ch'iu period (770–475 B.C.). It was the capital of the Shu Han dynasty (3d cent. A.D.) and one of the earliest (9th cent. A.D.) printing centers in China. A cultural seat since ancient times, it is commonly called "little Beijing." Its numerous institutions of higher learning include Sichuan Univ., Chengdu Technical Univ., and two medical colleges. The New Century Global Center, in the new, planned district of Tianfu, is the largest free-standing building in the world, with offices, hotels, shopping, and leisure attractions. The cottage where Tu Fu wrote his poetry (8th cent.) was restored in 1955.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


, Chengtu, Ch'eng-tu
a city in S central China, capital of Sichuan province. Pop.: 3 478 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Sheikh Khalifa made the statement on Tuesday during a meeting at the chamber's Doha headquarters with a trading delegation from China headed by the secretary of Chengdu Municipality, Fan Ruiping.
In recent years Chengdu has become a hub for e-sports and gaming startups, its residents are more "laid-back" and enjoy online games more, compare to those bustling metropolis.
This agreement represents the official registration of Gilead's western China operation centre in Chengdu Hi-tech Zone.
The route will mark the first ever scheduled service between Chengdu and Cebu, MCIA operator GMR Megawide Cebu Airport Corp.
GMCAC President Louie Ferrer said that through this partnership with Xiamen Air, connectivity between Cebu to other international destinations increases as Chengdu is one of China's busiest and economically-robust cities.
According to Chengdu cultural heritage and archaeology institute, the relics was excavated at a construction site.
We want to be part of the initiative even just a small part," he told a press conference in Chengdu.We will be patient.
The ratings on CCIC are assessed using Fitch's Government-Related Entities (GRE) Rating Criteria, reflecting Chengdu municipality's ownership of CCIC, and the municipality's direct control of and track record of support for CCIC.
Located in Chengdu's western Qingyang district, Essence Chengdu will cover a 200-hectare site of five plots.
Melia Hotels International, a leading Spanish hotel group, has announced the signing of Gran Melia Chengdu in partnership with Chengdu Renju Tourism & Hospitality LTD.
Summary: Chengdu [China], May 16 (ANI): A Sichuan Airlines co-pilot was "sucked halfway out" of the aircraft's cockpit at 32,000 feet, but the flight managed to make an emergency landing at Shuangliu International Airport in Chengdu on Monday, according to several media reports.