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Related to Chengtu: Chengdu


Chengdu (chŭng-do͞o) or Chengtu, city (2021 est. metro. area pop. 9,305,116), capital of Sichuan prov., SW China, on the Min River. It is a port and the commercial center of the Chengdu plain, the main farming area of Sichuan. Its irrigation system dates back to the 2d cent. B.C. A transportation hub, it is the rail center for SE China. Products include textiles, processed foods, chemicals, machinery, railway equipment, aluminum, electronics, and paper. High-grade iron ore is mined at nearby Lugu.

Chengdu, an old walled city, was in existence during the Ch'un-ch'iu period (770–475 B.C.). It was the capital of the Shu Han dynasty (3d cent. A.D.) and one of the earliest (9th cent. A.D.) printing centers in China. A cultural seat since ancient times, it is commonly called “little Beijing.” Its numerous institutions of higher learning include Sichuan Univ., Chengdu Technical Univ., and two medical colleges. The New Century Global Center, in the new, planned district of Tianfu, is the largest free-standing building in the world, with offices, hotels, shopping, and leisure attractions. The cottage where Tu Fu wrote his poetry (8th cent.) was restored in 1955.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Southwest China, in the valley of the Min Chiang. Capital of Szechwan Province. Population, 2.2 million (1975).

Ch’engtu is a major transportation junction and industrial center. The city’s machine-building industry manufactures such products as radios, machine tools, instruments, precision tools, and transportation equipment. There is copper and aluminum smelting. The city also manufactures rolled pipes, chemical products, textiles, food products, wood products, and leather goods. A fossil-fuel-fired steam power plant is located in the city. Ch’engtu, which is noted for its fine handicrafts, has a university.

Ch’engtu was founded in the fourth century B.C. It was the capital of the Shu state from A.D. 221 to A.D. 263 and the capital of the Earlier and Later Shu kingdoms from 908 to 965. From 1644 to 1646 the city was occupied by the rebel army of Chang Hsien-chung. In the second half of the 17th century, after the Manchu conquest of China, it became the capital of Szechwan Province. In September 1911 the city was besieged by nationalist rebels (seeSZECHWAN UPRISING OF 1911). The city was freed from Kuomintang rule by the People’s Liberation Army of China on Dec. 27, 1949.

Early in the Common Era, Ch’engtu was renowned for its brocades and was often called Chinch’eng, or “city of brocade.” The city has numerous gardens and parks, and its architectural monuments include the Wu-hou Tz’u shrine (16th–18th centuries), the temple Ch’ing Yang Kung (literally, “Black Sheep Palace”; 13th century), and the monastery Pao Kuang Ssu. The Tu Fu House-Museum and the Szechwan Provincial Museum are located in Ch’engtu.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Chengtu, Ch'eng-tu
a city in S central China, capital of Sichuan province. Pop.: 3 478 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Not until February 1942 did she get back to Chengtu, where, after an absence of eighteen months, she noticed a huge rise in the cost of living, as well as a widespread lowering of morale.
before they can at the end of in such a short face Samoa from last in the World Chengtu manoeuvred until it was parallel to the damaged yacht.
The Chengtu was on its way to Hong Kong but after receiving the distress message diverted its course to Los Angeles and travelled 15 hours to reach the damaged yacht.
Patterns similar to the lattice developed in this section can be found in Chengtu in Szechwan province (see [1] page 43).
He's the man who built the Chengtu railroad, the director of the railway company.
It was on our last day before we leave for Chengtu when we finished our temple tour Ven.Dhammananda met a large group of Tibetan villagers who came to do the reparing work at the temple.
After the Japanese capitulation, he moved to Nanking in the autumn of 1945, where he worked at the National Library, lived in a Buddhist monastery, served as a secretary in the Ministry of Education, and taught in the Foreign Languages Department at Chinling University, after the university had returned from Chengtu in autumn of 1946.(87) From 1947 to 1950 he was a secretary in the Austrian diplomatic service in Nanking; later, he translated for the Chinese Foreign Language Press.
boat was 30 hours away." action after cargo ship Chengtu received their distress It was a tough day at the office for Sam Warburton " They were dealing with "10
That month, he also asked Chiang Kai-shek to build five B-29 fields in the Chengtu, China, area by March 1944.
(14) At the same time, the religious community was considering the founding of a house in urban Chengdu (Chengtu), the intellectual and cultural capital of western China, where the Benedictines would have greater opportunities to minister.
The Chengtu Area sits in large bowl 450-500 miles across.
We were based in India and we were resupplied out of Chengtu. Then we went to Japan to bomb the steel mills and other targets there.