Cheremukhin, Aleksei Mikhailovich
Born May 17 (29), 1895, in Moscow; died Aug. 19, 1918, in Palanga, Lithuanian SSR. Soviet airplane builder. Doctor of sciences in technology (1937). professor (1934); Honored Worker in Science and Technology of the RSFSR (1947).
In 1917 and 1918, Cheremukhin was an instructor at the Kacha Flight Training School. In 1923 he graduated from the Moscow Higher Technical School. From 1918 to 1922, he was on the staff of the Central Aerodynamic and Hydrodynamic Institute, where he helped design and construct the first Soviet airplanes. From 1927 to 1935, Cheremukhin designed and tested the first Soviet helicopters. In 1938 he joined the staff of A. N. Tupolev’s experimental design office, becoming a deputy chief designer in 1953.
Cheremukhin received the Lenin Prize in 1957 and the State Prize of the USSR in 1949 and 1952. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and various medals.