Cherkess


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Cherkess

 

the Adyg population of Karachai-Cherkess Autonomous Oblast, including the descendants of the Kabardins who settled in the Kuban’ in the first third of the 19th century. According to the 1979 census the Cherkess number 46,500; they speak Kabarda-Cherkess, which belongs to the Abkhazo-Adyg group of the Caucasian languages.

As a general designation for Adygs, the term “Cherkess” appeared in written sources in the 13th century and was used in Russian texts until the first years of Soviet power. Inhabitants of mountainous regions of the Caucasus—including Adygs, Abkhazians, and Ossets—settled in Turkey in the 19th century. The descendants of these settlers also call themselves Cherkess, or Circassians; today they live in such Middle Eastern countries as Turkey and Syria and number approximately 150,000. In foreign sources the ethnonym “Circassians” is still used to refer to all Adygs.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii Karachaevo-Cherkesii, vol. 1. [Stavropol’] 1967.
Narody Kavkaza, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
The official Soviet bureaucracy defined them as Adyghean, Cherkess, Kabardian and Shapsough depending on their place of residence and the dialect of the Circassian language spoken.
22) In Kabardino-Balkaria, Balkars regularly complain about the domination of the Kabardians, as do the Cherkess about the Karachai in Karachai-Cherkessia.
The potential source of conflict with the Cossacks has been overshadowed by the rift between the Karachay and the Cherkess since the election of Semenov as president (a retired general and a paternal descendant of one of the Karachay's clans) in 1999.
Notwithstanding the fact that the Cherkess and Kabardins are closely related Circassian peoples living in the north of these republics, and the Karachay and Balkars are Turkic people living in the south, two ethnically divided republics, Karachay-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria, were created as part of the "divide and rule" policy of the Soviet regime.
the Karachai and Balkars are ethnically close, as are the Karbardins and Cherkess.
Cherkess and Cherkessian are the local terms for the populace more commonly known in English as Circassian.
Also, he said, oit is very evident that if we, the Turks, Kurds, Cherkess, and, in fact, all ethnic and religious collectives of Turkey do not sincerely confront our recent history, we will not be able to resolve the human rights issues.
Levi-Strauss analysis depends on the findings among Cherkess of the Causassus and Natives of Trobriand.
tunae > D tunoe, I tyn "cloth, length of cloth worn by a Cherkess woman" (cf.
Address : 369000, Russia, Karachay - Cherkess Republic, Cherkessk, ul.