Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich

Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich

(kŏstəntyēēn` ōōstyēēn`əvich chĭrnyĕn`kô), 1911–85, Soviet political leader. A protégé of Leonid BrezhnevBrezhnev, Leonid Ilyich
, 1906–82, Soviet leader. He joined (1931) the Communist party and rose steadily in its hierarchy. In 1952 he became a secretary of the party's central committee.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he rose through Communist party ranks in the 1950s, becoming a full member of the Central Committee (1971) and the Politburo (1978). When Yuri AndropovAndropov, Yuri Vladimirovich
, 1914–84, Soviet Communist leader (1982–84). As ambassador to Hungary from 1954 to 1957, he played a major role in the suppression of the 1956 anti-Communist uprising there.
..... Click the link for more information.
 died (1984), he was elected general secretary of the Communist party and chairman of the Presidium. His health was poor and on his death (Mar. 13, 1985), he was succeeded by Mikhail GorbachevGorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich
, 1931–, Soviet political leader. Born in the agricultural region of Stavropol, Gorbachev studied law at Moscow State Univ., where in 1953 he married a philosophy student, Raisa Maksimovna Titorenko (1932?–99).
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich

 

Born Sept. 11 (24), 1911, in the village of Bol’shaia Tes’, in what is now Novo-selovo Raion, Krasnoiarsk Krai. Soviet party and state figure. Hero of Socialist Labor (1976). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

The son of a peasant, Chernenko graduated from the Higher School of Party Organizers of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in 1945 and the Kishinev Pedagogical Institute in 1953. Beginning in 1929 he engaged in Komsomol, soviet, and party work. He served as secretary of the Krasnoiarsk Krai Committee of the party from 1941 to 1943 and as secretary of the Penza oblast committee from 1945 to 1948. In 1948 he became head of the Agitation and Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia.

Chernenko headed a section in the Agitation and Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1956 to 1960, the Secretariat of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1960 to 1965, and the General Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1965 to 1976. In 1976 he was made a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971. Chernenko was named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1977 and a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee in 1978. He was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Chernenko has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and various medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.