Chernitsyn, Nikolai Nikolaevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chernitsyn, Nikolai Nikolaevich


Born Nov. 20 (Dec. 2), 1883, in the village of Toikino, in what is now Perm’ Oblast; died Mar. 31 (Apr. 13), 1917, in the city of Gorlovka. Russian mining engineer.

After graduating from the St. Petersburg Institute of Mines in 1910, Chernitsyn worked at the Makeevka Mine-rescue Station, where he organized and conducted the first studies in Russia on firedamp and coal dust and the reasons for their flammability. He was the first to use a vacuum process to degas hard coals, and he demonstrated that oxygen and nitrogen are absorbed from the air by methane-bearing coal seams.

Chernitsyn was killed during rescue operations in a mine.


Rudnichnyi gaz: Usloviia ego vydeleniia, ego svoistva i mery bor’by. St. Petersburg, 1917.


Faerman, E. M. Razvitie otechestvennoigornoi nauki. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.