Chernivtsi


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Chernivtsi

(chĭrnĭft`sē), Ger. Czernowitz, Romanian Cernauţi, Rus. Chernovtsy, city (1989 pop. 257,000), capital of Chernivtsi region, SW Ukraine, on the Prut River and in the Carpathian foothills. It is a rail junction and the economic, cultural, and scientific center of the region of BukovinaBukovina
, Rom. Bucovina, Ukr. Bukovyna, historic region of E Europe, in SW Ukraine and NE Romania. Traversed by the Carpathian Mts. and the upper Prut and Siretul rivers, it is heavily forested [Bukovina
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. Industries, which include woodworking and food processing, are powered by a nearby hydroeletric station. One of Ukraine's oldest towns, Chernivtsi was part of Kievan RusKievan Rus
, medieval state of the Eastern Slavs. It was the earliest predecessor of modern Ukraine and Russia. Flourishing from the 10th to the 13th cent., it included nearly all of present-day Ukraine and Belarus and part of NW European Russia, extending as far N as Novgorod
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. It passed to Austria in 1775 and in 1849 became the capital of Bukovina. During the 19th and early 20th cent., the city was a center of a Ukrainian nationalist movement. With the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918, Chernivtsi was transferred to Romania, which held it until the USSR seized N Bukovina in 1940. The city has a university (est. 1875), a 13th-century fortified castle, a 17th-century wooden church, and a 19th-century Orthodox Eastern cathedral.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Research material (fresh stool samples) had delivered to Microbiological Clinical Laboratory of Regional Clinical Hospital (Chernivtsi, Ukraine) with purpose to evaluate a species composition and populational level of large intestinal cavity microflora.
What the authors do is to examine the seams and patterns of Hirsch's parents' memory on a visit with them to Chernivtsi in 1998.
With nowhere to go and no money left, Dolego spent days roaming the streets of Chernivtsi along with other homeless men until he was picked up by social workers and taken to a shelter.
In addition to a brief lyric called "Celan," Brasfield concludes Ledger of Crossroads with a majestic, fourteen-sonnet sequence titled "The Relief." Set in present-day Chernivtsi, the poem recalls the city's earlier incarnation as Czemowitz, Celan's birthplace.
The second chapter begins with a biographical sketch of Silviu Dragomir, where the author shows the origin, education--village and family, elementary and primary studies, his student years in Chernivtsi and vienna--and the didactic and political activity of the historian--as a professor at the Theological Institute of Sibiu (1911-1919) and his years of intellectual and political maturity at the university of Cluj (1919-1947).
Six researchers in optics at Chernivtsi University and one in medical biology and genetics at Bukovinian State Medical University, detail selected applications of optical correlation approaches and techniques in diverse problems of modern optics.
Eminescu was educated in the German-Romanian cultural center of Cernauti (now Chernivtsi, Ukraine) and at the universities of Vienna and Berlin.
A native of Chernivtsi, he died in Petah Tikva, near Tel Aviv, a year ago, at the age of 85.
Research were carried out at the Gastroenterological Department of Emergency Hospital in Chernivtsi. The study involved 63 patients with ASH, having signs of initial stage of portal hypertension (study group 1).
He now works with members of the former Jewish community of Chernivtsi (Czernowitz) in Western Ukraine to organize volunteers who help clean and maintain the city's Jewish cemetery.