Chernyshev, Pavel Feoktistovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chernyshev, Pavel Feoktistovich


Born circa 1854 in Samara Province; died the night of Mar. 26–27 (Apr. 8–9), 1876, in St. Petersburg. Russian Narodnik (Populist) revolutionary.

Chernyshev, who was of noble birth, attended the Medical and Surgical Academy. He was an organizer and the treasurer of the St. Petersburg student circle known as the Samartsy, and he took part in the “going to the people” movement. Arrested in Samara on Aug. 30,1874, Chernyshev was sent to prison, where he contracted tuberculosis. He was released on bail on Mar. 11, 1876, and died in a hospital. He is buried in Volkovo Cemetery.

Chernyshev’s funeral on Mar. 30,1876, turned into a large antigovernment demonstration. G. A. Machtet dedicated the poem “Succumbed to the ordeal of imprisonment” (“The Last Farewell”) to Chernyshev’s memory. The poem became a song popular among young Russian revolutionaries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.