According to Turner, "Countless individuals were injured in the frantic (Cherokee Outlet) races following the starting guns or when mobs fought to board the trains or individuals jumped from the trains as they neared town sites."
As towns such as Ponca City and Blackwell sprang from the Oklahoma prairie within hours, cheating Sooners snatched many of the best claims, and most of those daring Boomers who made the Cherokee Outlet Run did not even get land.
Thus, when the tribal council liquidated the common property of the tribe, as in the case of the Cherokee Outlet
, the monetary payments could not be restricted to a particular class of Cherokee citizens, such as those by blood (Nero, Plaintiff's Statement 1984).
While focusing on intruders, Sober does not neglect other aspects of Cherokee history, especially the sale of the Cherokee Outlet
lands, in which the Cherokees were forced to sell that land to the government at a rate much lower than the value.