Cherry Plum


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cherry Plum

 

(Prunus divaricata), a fruit plant of the genus Prunus, of the Rosaceae family. The trees reach a height of 3–10 m and have an abundance of branches and multiple shoots. The blossoms are white and single. The fruit are globular, oval, or flattened, yellow, red, violet, or almost black. The cherry plum can grow on almost any soil and is resistant to disease. It grows wild or cultivated in the Balkans, in Central Asia, in Asia Minor, Iran, Transcaucasia, Moldavia, Northern Caucasus, and the south of the Ukraine. Its harvest is up to 300 kg per grown tree. The fruit of the cultivated cherry plum contains up to 10 percent sugar, 1.5—4 percent acids, 0.3–1.5 percent pectins, as well as vitamin C and provitamin A. Cherry plums are eaten fresh or canned (stewed fruit, preserves, jam, jelly, pressed fruit candy, juice, wine). Cherry plums are used as seed stock for peaches, plums, and apricots. The strains of highest yield are Pionerka, Nikitskaia zheltaia, Purpurovaia, Rumianoe iabloko, Rioni, Kutaisi, Sakonservo, Geogdzha, and Obil’naia. Cherry plums are bred through layers, grafting, or seeding. In the cherry plum orchard, usually two or three strains are planted for better pollination and infruc-tescence. Cherry plums are attacked by black and copper borers and oyster shell scales; they can be afflicted with blotch and plum pocket.

REFERENCES

Kostina, K. F. Kul’tura slivy. Simferopol’, 1951.
Kovalev, N. V. Alycha ν prirode, kul’ture i selektsii. Tashkent, 1955.

K. F. KOSTINA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the most popular kinds of cherry plum is called Goycha.
This kind of plum growsonly in Nakhchivan and differs from other varieties of cherry plum by that it remains green until fully ripened.
I then tried using the ointments directly onto my tongue, using the cherry plum around 11am when I normally first feel tempted to snack, the crab apple after indulging in snacks, and the chestnut bud in the evening, when I'm more likely to reach for chocolate.
Profiteroles filled with sticky cherry plums and vanilla cream Choux pastry makes 10 / 20 150ml/5fl oz water 50g/2oz butter 60g/2' oz flour 2 eggs 6 cherry plums 1 tbsp soft brown sugar 1 cinnamon stick Splash of marsala or dessert wine Pint vanilla cream 75g/3oz dark chocolate (70% cocoa solids is best) Method Pre heat the oven to 200C/400F/gas mark 6.
There is yet another kind of cherry plum called Goyche.
Among the species planted were hazel, blackthorn, crab apple, elder, dog rose and cherry plum.
The packs donated to the nursery contain native dog rose, elder, cherry plum, hazel, crab apple and blackthorn saplings, all of which, when mature, will not only provide shelter and habitats but also edible nuts and fruit for the surrounding wildlife to live and feed on.
I would recommend Star of Bethlehem, pounds 3.15, as it eases emotional pain and lightens feelings of sorrow, and Cherry Plum, pounds 3.15, which can help you handle the turmoil caused by anxiety and depression.
Busy Lizzie, or Impatiens to give it its botanic tag, Star of Bethlehem, Cherry Plum, Rock Rose and Clematis are the magic ingredients in the potion known as Rescue Remedy and a few drops on the tongue should help to settle the nerves in traumatic times.
"200 trees of apricots, black cherries, cherry plums on 1 ha of land were attacked last year.
During the month, prices for rice, buckwheat, lamb, beef and chicken, sausages, yogurt, butter, bananas, cherry plums, strawberries, nuts, cabbage, greens, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, onions, garlic, potatoes, tea and beer decreased.