Cherusci


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Cherusci

 

a Germanic tribe. The Cherusci are first mentioned by Caesar. According to Tacitus, they settled along both banks of the middle Weser, along its tributaries, and near the Harz; their settlements extended to the Elbe. The tribe was conquered by the Romans in A.D. 4. In A.D. 9 insurgent Cherusci, led by Arminius, united with other Germanic tribes and annihilated three Roman legions under Varus in the Teutoburg Forest. Internal strife and wars with neighboring tribes led to the decline of the Cherusci after A.D. 21, and part of their territory came under the control of the Chatti. In the fourth century, the remaining Cherusci were assimilated by the Saxons.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the nineteenth century, many national legends were used in this way: for example, Boudicca in Great Britain, the victory of Arminius and the Cherusci over the legions of Varus in Germany, and the resistance of the Gallic tribes led by Vercingetorix in Alesia in the France of Napoleon III.
Born a prince of the Cherusci tribe, Arminius had been raised in Rome as a hostage, and he received military training and became a Roman officer.
John Wilson tells the extraordinary tale of The Battle of Teutoburg forest, during which the Cherusci tribe of Northern Germany handed the Roman army one of its greatest military defeats.
He had marched over the Rhine and into the German forest to try to bring local tribes, including the Cherusci, under Roman influence, but very few of the 25 000 men of his army escaped and he fell on his sword on the battlefield.
Far from having the precise geometry of the Roman camp as described by Tacitus, the site (4) reveals a long sinuous earthwork constructed by the Cherusci at the edge of what was then probably a dense oak and beech forest.
More interested in plundering the region for personal gain than protecting it, he quickly fell into the self-delusional trap that the Cherusci were friendly and that military preparedness to fight in this heavily wooded and hilly terrain was not a requirement.
He convinced Varus that the "loyal" Cherusci and, no doubt, the economic potential of the region, were being threatened by anti-Roman tribes in the area and in need of military protection.
In the early first century, following the disastrous defeat of Varus' three legions in the German forests by Arminius the chief of the Cherusci, Augustus abandoned the earlier ambition of conquering Germany to the Elbe, and set limits to the empire.
The younger son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla, although his parents were divorced and his mother married Augustus just before his birth (38); served with his older brother Tiberius (later emperor) in the Alpine campaign (15); governor of the three Gauls (13); led a series of expeditions into Germany, subduing the Frisians, Chauci, Cherusci, and Chatti, and constructing a Rhine-North Sea canal (12-9); praetor (11), proconsul (10), and consul (9); reached the Elbe River (9), but was injured in a riding accident and died a month after.
18 bc -- ad 21) Assumed to be the Latin form for Hermann, the heroic chief of the Germanic Cherusci tribe.