Chesapeake Bay


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Chesapeake Bay,

inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, c.200 mi (320 km) long, from 3 to 30 mi (4.8–48 km) wide, and 3,237 sq mi (8,384 sq km), separating the DelmarvaDelmarva
, peninsula, c.180 mi (290 km) long, separating Chesapeake Bay on the west from Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean on the east; named for the three states (Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia) located in part on it.
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 Peninsula from mainland Maryland. and Virginia. The drowned estuary of the Susquehanna River, formed in an ancient meteorite impact zone, the bay is fed by rivers including the Potomac, Rappahannock, Pocomoke, and James. It is entered from the Atlantic Ocean through a 12-mi-wide (19-km) gap between Capes Henry and Charles, Va.; the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-TunnelChesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel,
officially the Lucius J. Kellam, Jr. Bridge-Tunnel,
17.6 mi (28.2 km) long, across the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, E Va., connecting Cape Charles with Norfolk, Va.
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 crosses its mouth, and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge crosses the upper bay. Part of the Intracoastal Waterway, the bay is linked with the Delaware River and Bay by the Chesapeake and Delaware CanalChesapeake and Delaware Canal,
sea-level canal, 19 mi (31 km) long, 250 ft (76 m) wide, and 27 ft (8.2 m) deep, connecting the head of Chesapeake Bay with the Delaware River.
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. Baltimore is the largest city and main port on the bay; the Norfolk–Hampton Roads region of Virginia is a key naval complex. The bay's famous fisheries (oysters, crabs, etc.) have declined as residential and commercial development around it have increased; various projects and interstate agreements seek to reverse this trend. A 35-million-year-old impact crater, c.50 mi (85 km) wide, underlies the lower bay. The English colonist John SmithSmith, John,
c.1580–1631, English colonist in America, b. Willoughby, Lincolnshire, England. A merchant's apprentice until his father's death in 1596, he thereafter lived an adventurous life, traveling, fighting in wars against the Turks in Transylvania and Hungary, and
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 explored and charted Chesapeake Bay in 1608.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chesapeake Bay

 

a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the coast of the USA. Along with Delaware Bay, the Chesapeake Bay isolates the Delmarva Peninsula. The bay is 315 km long and 5–30 km wide. It reaches a depth of 27 m; the depth of the fairway is more than 11m. The shoreline is low, swampy, and heavily indented by the mouths of numerous rivers, including the Susquehanna, Potomac, James, and others, which form natural harbors. The tides are semidiurnal, measuring up to 1 m. The chief port on the Chesapeake Bay is Baltimore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Chesapeake Bay

the largest inlet of the Atlantic in the coast of the US: bordered by Maryland and Virginia
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chesapeake Bay Mind & Body brand will become available through the Chesapeake Bay Candle online boutique on April 15, 2016.
Coast Guard, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel Commission, and private landowners to install the receivers to buoys, pilings, and piers throughout the bay and tributaries.
"The opening of the new Chesapeake Bay Candle factory is the beginning of a new chapter in our company's history," added Chesapeake Bay Candle president Mei Xu."Chesapeake Bay Candle is now a true American brand."
At the same time, water sources are contaminated by sewage, sediment, fertilizer runoff from suburban lawns, and expired medications that are poured down drains throughout the six states in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.
According to Douglas Keith, the sanitary authority's director of finance, the $4.4 million loan is the second of the authority's Chesapeake Bay loan applications approved by PENNVEST and will be used for work at the West Treatment Plant of Arch Street.
For conservationists trying to save these ecosystems, the eastern United States' Chesapeake Bay serves as a cautionary tale.
KEY WORDS: Eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, James River, age-at-length, Jamestown, Chesapeake Bay
The Chesapeake Bay Program (Bay Program) was created in 1983 when Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, the District of Columbia, the Chesapeake Bay Commission, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) agreed to establish a partnership to restore the Bay.
For many Virginia poultry and cattle farmers living along the Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the U.S., federal funding is the key to keeping the water clean.
CONTACT: Chesapeake Bay Foundation, (410)268-8816, www.cbf.org.
The dairy is located in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, the largest estuary in the U.S.

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