Chesapeake and Ohio Canal

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, former waterway, c.185 mi (300 km) long, from Washington, D.C., to Cumberland, Md., running along the north bank of the Potomac River. A successor to the Potomac Company's (1784–1828) navigation improvement project, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was planned to extend W to Pittsburgh. Work was begun in 1828, but financial and labor problems (leading in 1834 to the first use of federal troops to settle a labor dispute), as well as opposition from the rival Baltimore and Ohio RR, delayed completion to Cumberland until 1850. Although extension to Pittsburgh proved impractical, the canal experienced a busy period in the 1870s carrying coal from the Cumberland mines. The canal was used until it was damaged by floods in 1924; in 1938 it was sold to the U.S. government. Partially restored, the canal and its towpath were proclaimed a national monument in 1961 and in 1971 became a national historical park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).


See study by G. W. Ward (1899, repr. 1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Douglas would take a long walk on the towpath of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
In 1961, President Dwight Eisenhower used his power under the Antiquities Act to designate the stretch of canal from Cumberland to Seneca, Maryland, a national monument, but it wasn't until 1971, after a series of contentious proposals and bills had come and gone, that an act of Congress created Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, protecting the entire length of the canal and surrounding lands.
Abstract: Presenting evidence from a 19th century corporation, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company (C&O), the paper shows that issues of corporate governance have existed since the first corporations were established in the U.S.
by providing evidence from the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company (C&O).
Maryland, which did not get much involved in banking, nevertheless poured money into its canal project, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, originating in Georgetown, in the District of Columbia.
On a sunny Saturday last May, a group of bicyclists pulled off a gravel trail into a clearing on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal near Washington, D.C.
The Potomac, the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, and finally the railroad afforded access to markets.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal: Pathway to the Nation's Capital.
Douglas campaigned for protection of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, which led to its designation as a national historical park in 1971, and former Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor served on the National Parks Second Century Commission.
This paper examines the stockholder review committee of a 19th century corporation, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company (C&O), and discusses how the C&O used this corporate governance structure to monitor and improve financial management and operations.
Roscoe Bartlett (R-Md.), whose district includes part of Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, this legislation (H.R.
Full browser ?