Chester


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Chester,

city (1990 pop. 41,856), Delaware co., SE Pa., on the Delaware River south of Philadelphia; settled c.1644 by Swedes, inc. as a city 1866. A port, it was also long a shipbuilding center. There are ship transfer facilities and factories making metal, food, and paper products; marine anchors; machinery; communications equipment; and consumer goods. A gambling casino and racetrack also contribute to the city's economy, The Commodore Barry Bridge, with one of the world's longest cantilever main spans, crosses the Delaware to Bridgeport, N.J.

The oldest city in the state, Chester (established as Upland) was the site of William PennPenn, William,
1644–1718, English Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania, b. London, England; son of Sir William Penn. Early Life

He was expelled (1662) from Oxford for his religious nonconformity and was then sent by his father to the Continent to overcome his
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's first landing (1682) in America. Penn renamed the settlement and convened (1682) the first assembly of the colony there. Foundations of the original settlement remain, in Governor Printz Park. Chester is home to Widener Univ. (1821).


Chester,

city (1991 pop. 80,154), Cheshire West and Chester, W central England, on a sandstone height above the Dee River. It is a railroad junction. Manufactures include electrical equipment, paint, and window panes. Tourism is also important. Chester has a long military history, and it was a significant port for centuries. Under the name Castra Devana or Deva, it was the headquarters of the Roman 20th legion. The area was ravaged by Æthelfrith of Northumbria in the 7th cent. and the Danes in the 9th cent. Æthelflæd of Mercia fortified Chester again in the 10th cent. William I took it in 1070 and the following year granted it to his nephew, Hugh Lupus, as a palatine earldom. Chester served the English crown as a defensive bastion and was used as a base for operations against Wales from 1275 to 1284. During the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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, parliamentarians took Chester by siege in 1646. Its role as a port peaked from c.1350 to 1450; silting and the rise of LiverpoolLiverpool,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 448,300), NW England, on the Mersey River near its mouth. It is one of Britain's largest cities. A large center for food processing (especially flour and sugar), Liverpool has a variety of industries, including the manufacture
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 contributed to the decline of port trade by the late 18th cent. Chester remains medieval in appearance and is the only city in England that possesses its entire original wall. Notable features are this red sandstone wall, with a walk along the top; Agricola's Tower; 15th- and 16th-century timbered houses; the cathedral, with architecture of styles from Norman to Late Perpendicular; the Roodee, on which races have been held since 1540; St. John's Church; Grosvenor Museum; and "The King's School," a public school founded by Henry VIII in 1541. Characteristic of Chester are the Rows, a double tier of shops formed by projecting the second stories of the buildings along the main streets. The Chester Plays (see miracle playmiracle play
or mystery play,
form of medieval drama that came from dramatization of the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It developed from the 10th to the 16th cent., reaching its height in the 15th cent.
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) originated in the town.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chester

 

a city in Great Britain; seat of the county of Cheshire. Population, 117,300 (1974). Chester is a commercial center on the Dee River and a transportation junction. Local industry includes machine building and metalworking.


Chester

 

a city in the eastern USA, in the state of Pennsylvania, on the Delaware River; a southwestern suburb of Philadelphia. Population, 52,000 (1975). Chester, which was founded in 1644, has an iron and steel industry and enterprises of the metalworking, machine-building, oil-refining, and chemical industries. Equipment for power engineering and heavy industry is produced. There are shipyards and automotive assembly plants in Chester.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Chester

a city in NW England, administrative centre of Cheshire, on the River Dee: intact surrounding walls; 16th- and 17th-century double-tier shops. Pop.: 80 121 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
CHESTER: Longsight in concert at Telford's Warehouse.
Dana was a lifetime member of Friends of the Chester Library, the SIU Alumni Association and Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society.
Chester improved after half-time, but they failed to threaten the hosts defensively, and Udoh made it 3-0 with the visitors pushing to get back in the game before a Simon Grand header with 10 minutes left brought a crumb of comfort.
Chester's leadership in underground transmission and distribution services.
Chester boss Marcus Bignot says his side are fitter and stronger since upping their training a month ago, though Wrexham will be fresher having had 11 days off since their last game.
Most of Chester's remaining military time was spent in India and Burma forecasting for aircraft traveling "over the Hump" to locations in China.
Do people remember when Chester Bennington became the new lead vocalist of Stone Tempe Pilots a few years ago?
But third-placed Chester clawed their way back upfield where fly-half Rhys Hayes broke Bees hearts by slicing through a stretched defence to score under the posts and deny their hosts at the death.
Time magazine just named West Chester Ohio 30th in the nation for the "Best Places To Live 2014." The report highlighted local entertainment opportunities such as EnterTRAINment Junction and activities at Voice Of America Park.
Built in 1890, MTA Metro-North Railroad located at 3 Broad Street in Port Chester, NY is in the heart of downtown Port Chester.
When Chester returned to civilian life after World War II, he had difficulty adjusting and described ongoing struggles with depression and anxiety.