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(Russian, chetniki; Serbo-Croatian, četnici), in the Balkans:

(1) From the 15th to the 19th century, participants (mainly haiduks) in the armed struggle waged by partisan detachments for national liberation from the Ottoman yoke. Prominent members of the Chetnik movement in Bulgaria in the 1860’s included G. S. Rakovski, P. Khitov, F. Tofo, S. T. Karadzha, and Khadzhi Dimitur.

(2) Members of a reactionary organization, participants in the nationalistic Greater Serbia movement (headed by General D. Mihajlovic) and other antinationalist groups in Yugoslavia that fought against the forces of people’s liberation during World War II.

References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, the Royalist Chetniks were a resistance force to be reckoned with, the largest resistance army on the German-controlled continent.
Churchill's final choice to suspend all support to Mihailovic and his Chetniks in favor of Tito and the Partisans was a conscious acceptance of risk to long-term interests of the democratic West in order to achieve a more rapid defeat of Nazi Germany.
But bachelor Peter Chetnik, 30, drank away over pounds 3,000 on a bender with his girlfriend at a beach paradise in Thailand.
Civil servant Peter Chetnik told his parents terrorists were going to kill him and he needed the cash to pay their ransom.
One day I was taken by the Chetnik militia who collaborated with the Germans.
Held back by the hands of others, he called Dragan a Chetnik, consigning him to the Serbian ultranationalists who collaborated with the Fascists in World War II.
Chetniks or other Serb forces enter a Bosnian-Herzegovinian or Croatian village, take several of the women of varying ages from their homes, rape them in public view, and depart.
As anybody who has had experience with the Chetniks in Serbia, 'technicals' in Somalia, Tontons Macoutes in Haiti, or soldiers in Sierra Leone can tell you .
Kaplan argues, "As anybody who has had experience with Chetniks in Serbia, 'technicals' in Somalia, Tontons Macoutes in Haiti, or soldiers in Sierra Leone can tell you, in places where the Western Enlightenment has not penetrated and where there has always been mass poverty, people find liberation in violence.
The first story, "Soba," is a sympathetic and moving portrait of a young Sarajevan artist and rock singer whose life as he knew it, like those of so many others, went into long-term suspension when the Serbian Chetniks began their siege of the city.
When Serb Chetniks take Izet, the egleneffendi or brilliant talker of Miljenko Jergovic's "The Condor," for someone knowledgeable about the Croatian resistance, he loses his voice, the outrage of his plight more than he can find words to say.
One of the Chetniks had a wooden stick and he hit X a few times across his neck.