(redirected from Chian)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Chian: Chiang Kai-shek


Greece: see KhíosKhíos
or Chios
, island (1991 pop. 51,060), c.350 sq mi (910 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea, just W of Asia Minor. It is mountainous and is famous for its scenic beauty and good climate. The highest point is Mt. Elias (c.4,160 ft/1,270 m).
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Khios), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor. Area, 830 sq km. Elevations on Chios range to 1,297 m. The island is composed primarily of limestones and shales. Chios has mediterranean shrub-type vegetation and groves of Aleppo pine. There are olive orchards, citrus fruit plantations, and vineyards. Goats are raised, and sardines and mackerel are caught. Antimony is mined at Melanios. The port of Chios is located on the island’s eastern coast.

Chios was one of the centers of the Aegean culture. The island’s earliest inhabitants were Leleges and Carians. These tribes inhabited Chios until the early first millennium B.C., when they were driven out by the Ionians. In the eighth century B.C. the island became a polis, whose economy was based on trade and handicrafts. The city of Chios was the island’s capital. The island produced the best wine, mastic, marble, and figs in Greece. It was also the site of the earliest Greek slave market. Chios was a center of ancient literature and art; it is believed to be the birthplace of Homer.

In the second half of the first century A.D., Chios fell under Roman rule. Between the fourth and 13th centuries, the island was controlled by Byzantium. It was subsequently a Genoese possession. The Turks ruled Chios from 1566 until 1912, when the island became part of Greece.

In southern Chios, near the village of Pyrgi, is the sanctuary of Apollo Phanaios (established ninth century B.C.), which has a noteworthy temple (second half of the sixth century B.C.). Also of interest is the medieval fortress of the Byzantine monastery of Nea Moni (1042–56).



a city and port in Greece, on the island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. Capital of the nome of Chios. Population, 24,100 (1971). Wine and fruits are exported.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. an island in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Turkey: belongs to Greece. Capital: Chios. Pop.: 51 936 (2001). Area: 904 sq. km (353 sq. miles)
2. a port on the island of Chios: in ancient times, one of the 12 Ionian city-states. Pop.: 54 000 (1995 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Qatar Biobank, a member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF) received a delegation from the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University and the school's primary clinical partner, National Healthcare Group in Singapore.
Gullo was deputy director for curriculum development at the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine and also served as an assistant professor in immunology at the Duke/NUS Graduate Medical School.
"We're making this investment to support our growth in South Asia and to better serve our users in that region," said Facebook spokeswoman Charlene Chian.
Long Beach State stuck side-by-side with Oregon for much the day, led by Philip Chian's 70-70, which tied him for third overall.
Shibil (UAE) 21-8, 21-11, Chian Jian (Malaysia) bt Suraj (India) 21-6, 21-11, Dilshad K (India) bt Xavier Raphael (UAE) 17-21,21-17, 21-19, K.
Muscat, Dec 5 (ONA) Lt.Gen Ahmed bin Harith bin Nasser al-Nabhani, Chief of Staff of the Sultan's Armed Forces (SAF) received in his office at Mu'askar Al Murtafa' here today Rear Admiral Juan Chian Shu, Commander of the Task Force of the two vessels affiliated to the Navy of the People's Republic of China currently visiting the Sultanate.
"Rambus' collaborative approach is the cornerstone of our strong working relationship that helps deliver innovative solutions to customers," stated Mojy Chian, senior vice president of Design Enablement at Globalfoundries.
Dr Mojy Chian, senior VP Design Enablement Global Foundries, stressed on the significance of building efficient ecosystems to manage the technology needs of modern day lifestyles.
Mojy Chian -- Senior VP Design Enablement Global Foundries, and Jeremy Foster, Head of Government and Industry Relations for Ericsson Middle East and Africa.
Paidai is the leading E-Commerce consulting company in Chian and organizes an annual E-Commerce conference
Gunnebo (BA 404) and Tay Chian (TC 320) are almost the same in appearance.
During his separate meetings with ambassadors of Japan, Tetsuo Shioguchi, Chian, Yu Hongyang and Soth Korea, Shin Bong-kil, Fakhoury outlined plans to develop the public sector, noting to accomplishments achieved in this regard.