terebinth(redirected from Chian turpentine)
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(Pistacia terebinthus), a dioecious deciduous shrub or small tree of the family Anacardiaceae. The plant reaches 5 m in height and has odd-pinnate leaves with three to nine leaflets. The small unisexual flowers have a simple perianth of two to six bracts and are gathered in large panicles. The fruit is a drupe. The terebinth grows in the western Mediterranean Region, in arid light forests and on limestone mountain slopes. The tree is tapped for Chian turpentine, a resin that contains an essential oil closely related to turpentine oil. Turpentine oil itself is obtained from the seeds. Galls caused by aphids on the leaves and branches contain tannins, which are used in tanning leathers.