The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(self-designation, Juma, Jumei), a nationality in the People’s Republic of China, closely related to the Tibetans. The Ch’iang live primarily in Szechwan Province and number approximately 36,000 (1953). They speak a Tibeto-Burman language. The chief occupations of the Ch’iang are land cultivation and livestock raising; a subspecies of common barley (Hordeum sativum trifurcatum), wheat, millet, corn, and buckwheat are grown, and cattle, sheep, goats, and swine are raised. The Ch’iang also hunt and engage in handicrafts, such as weaving. They live in two-story stone houses. Male dress consists of a jacket, vest, and belted trousers; female dress consists of a jacket, skirt, apron, and, sometimes, a long robe. Feudal relations were predominant among the Ch’iang until the mid-20th century. The Ch’iang practiced Lamaism or worshiped mountains and natural forces.


Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
A hundred moonlit miles away the Chiang crept to sea; O keeper of my heart, I came by Chiang's ford to thee.
Chiang Nan's a hundred miles, yet in a moment's space I've flown away to Chiang Nan and touched a dreaming face.
Al-Baker said they are excited to be adding historic Chiang Mai as their fourth destination in Thailand to the airline's extensive global route network.
MAaAaAeAe[micro]venpick Hotels & Resorts is making its mark in northern Thaila with the opening of the brand's first property in the kingdom's cultural capital, Chiang Mai.
Agro-industry in Chiang Rai Special Economic Zone is selected as the case study where supply chain redesign can address the changing business environment.
In northern Thailand, especially in Chiang Mai province, where the largest population of dairy cattle in the region is located, bTB in dairy farms has been reported almost every year.
One of the establishments cited by author by Paul Freedman is The Mandarin, opened by Chinese immigrant Cecilia Chiang in San Francisco in 1961.
For visitors from the Middle East, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai have much to offer.
Chiang Mai, Thailand, October 15, 2015 --( Chiang Mai is a firm favourite with travellers, with its many fascinating temples, lively night markets and great range of accommodation and restaurants.
While a majority of Indian tourists flock to Southern Thailand and Bangkok for the beaches and shopping, take the road less travelled through Northern Thailands Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai regions.
TEHRAN (FNA)- At least one person was killed and 20 others injured in a 6.3-magnitude earthquake that occurred in Northern Thailand's Chiang Rai province on Monday evening, local media reported Tuesday.
The epicentre was around 27 kilometres from the mountainous city of Chiang Rai.