Chiang Ching-kuo


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Chiang Ching-kuo

(jyäng jĭng-gwô), 1909–88, eldest son of Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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, Chinese Nationalist leader, and president of Taiwan. Returning after 12 years in the Soviet Union (1937), he served in minor Chinese government posts until the Nationalist retreat to Taiwan (1949). Afterward he rose to control the armed forces, the intelligence agencies, and became powerful within the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 party. He was defense minister (1965–72) and premier (1972–78) before becoming president in 1978, a post he held until his death. In his last years he oversaw significant democratization in Taiwan.
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Chiang Ching-kuo

, Jiang Jing Guo
1910--88, Chinese statesman; the son of Chiang Kai-shek. He was prime minister of Taiwan (1971--78); president (1978--88)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Lorenzo (diplomacy, National Cheng Chi U.) examines different conceptions of democracy in the speeches and public writing of Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek, and Chiang Ching-kuo. He documents and arranges into themes various conceptions and justifications of democracy; compares, contrasts and traces influences in those discussions; critiques them in light of newer democratic theories; and contextualizes these debates with the question of Taiwan's relationship to China and mainland discourse surrounding democracy.
In addition to Lee, both Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo were Christians.
The chances that the Kim Jong-ils of the world will one day be enlightened and turn into Chiang Ching-kuos are just too slim, as are chances that a dicator has no fitting descendents or relatives to succeed him.  It doesn't make sense to sit idly by and wait for that day. 
When he died, his son, Chiang Ching-kuo, ruled as the KMT
Going beyond mere walk-on, Chert Kun brings a frighteningly cool focus to Chiang's son, Chiang Ching-kuo. Equally effective are actor-helmer Jiang Wen as a quietly ruthless KMT officer, and, most entertainingly, helmer Feng as Shanghai's most famous gangster, Du Yuesheng.
They tended to adopt a wait-and-see attitude." (16) Indeed, the sympathies of many officials lay with President Chiang Ching-kuo because he was believed to be a proreform leader who favored gradual, stable change--in line with US interests (Bush 2004, 198).
The aim of this study is to examine how political ideology and cultural representation in grade-seven Chinese language/culture textbooks have influenced the formation of Taiwanese students' national identity with respect to four different political leaders: Chiang Kai-shek (1970s), Chiang Ching-kuo (1980s), Lee Teng-hui (1990s), and Chen Shui-bian (2000s).
The conference was cosponsored by the Planning and Executive Committee of the 'Taiwan Election and Democratization Study' (TEDS), the Election Study Center (ESC) of National Chengchi University in Taiwan and the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation.
Eventually, he was released in 1990, after the death of Chiang and his son, Chiang Ching-kuo, and spent his last years living in Hawaii.
He attracted Chiang Ching-kuo's attention in the early 1970s, when in order to legitimize and sustain his Nationalist regime, Chiang tried to recruit Taiwanese young elite into his administration.
Chiang's son, Chiang Ching-kuo, knew that the Taiwanization of the ROC was inevitable.