Chiang Ching-kuo


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Chiang Ching-kuo

(jyäng jĭng-gwô), 1909–88, eldest son of Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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, Chinese Nationalist leader, and president of Taiwan. Returning after 12 years in the Soviet Union (1937), he served in minor Chinese government posts until the Nationalist retreat to Taiwan (1949). Afterward he rose to control the armed forces, the intelligence agencies, and became powerful within the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 party. He was defense minister (1965–72) and premier (1972–78) before becoming president in 1978, a post he held until his death. In his last years he oversaw significant democratization in Taiwan.

Chiang Ching-kuo

, Jiang Jing Guo
1910--88, Chinese statesman; the son of Chiang Kai-shek. He was prime minister of Taiwan (1971--78); president (1978--88)
References in periodicals archive ?
examines different conceptions of democracy in the speeches and public writing of Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek, and Chiang Ching-kuo.
In addition to Lee, both Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo were Christians.
The chances that the Kim Jong-ils of the world will one day be enlightened and turn into Chiang Ching-kuos are just too slim, as are chances that a dicator has no fitting descendents or relatives to succeed him.
Dean persuaded President Chiang Ching-kuo to decide against death
Chiang Ching-kuo sob pressao tambem dos EUA para democratizacao da ilha, ve o aparecimento do Partido Progressista Democratico (PPD) e a derrubada da Lei Marcial em 1987.
16) Indeed, the sympathies of many officials lay with President Chiang Ching-kuo because he was believed to be a proreform leader who favored gradual, stable change--in line with US interests (Bush 2004, 198).
The aim of this study is to examine how political ideology and cultural representation in grade-seven Chinese language/culture textbooks have influenced the formation of Taiwanese students' national identity with respect to four different political leaders: Chiang Kai-shek (1970s), Chiang Ching-kuo (1980s), Lee Teng-hui (1990s), and Chen Shui-bian (2000s).
The conference was cosponsored by the Planning and Executive Committee of the 'Taiwan Election and Democratization Study' (TEDS), the Election Study Center (ESC) of National Chengchi University in Taiwan and the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation.
Eventually, he was released in 1990, after the death of Chiang and his son, Chiang Ching-kuo, and spent his last years living in Hawaii.
He mentions the fact that Chiang Ching-kuo had once told him 'I am also a Taiwanese'.
An assassination attempt by a native Taiwanese in April 1970 on him when he visited New York City woke up Chiang Ching-kuo.
Thus, international isolation, American pressures to democratize, and growing political opposition convinced President Chiang Ching-kuo that his ruling party had better promote reform and democratize or be swept from power.