Chiang Mai

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Chiang Mai

(jyäng` mī`) or


(jyĕng`–), city (1990 pop. 164,902), capital of Chiang Mai prov., N Thailand, on the Ping River, near the Myanmar border. It is the economic, cultural, and religious center of the northern provinces. The terminus of a railroad from Bangkok, Chiang Mai is also linked to the capital by air and highway. The city is a shipping point for the agricultural products of the surrounding region. Long the center of Thailand's teak industry, Chiang Mai also produces silver and wood articles, pottery, and silk and cotton goods. Tourism is a growing industry, and the city has also become a design center. Chiang Mai's population is mainly Lao.

The city, a center of a Lao kingdom from the 11th cent., became after the 14th cent. a target of dispute between the Burmese and the Siamese. The Burmese invasions ceased in the 19th cent., and Chiang Mai was fully incorporated into Thailand. The city consists of an 18th-century walled town on the right bank of the Ping and a new town on the left bank that developed around the railroad station. The Univ. of Chiang Mai (1963), a teachers college, and a technical institute are in the city.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chiang Mai


(also Chieng Mai), a medieval Laotian kingdom in what is now northern Thailand. Chiang Mai took its name from the city of Chiang Mai, which had been founded by Meng Rai, a Laotian ruler of the Chiang Rai principality, after he had conquered Haripunchaya.

Over a period beginning in the late 14th century, Chiang Mai waged frequent wars against the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya. For most of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, Chiang Mai was controlled by either the Burmese or the Siamese. The kingdom was a vassal of Burma from 1556 until 1595, when it became a vassal of Ayutthaya. Burma conquered the territory in 1615 and held it until 1662, when the Siamese captured it. The Burmese reconquered the territory in 1664. Chiang Mai enjoyed independence from 1727 until 1764, when it was once again conquered by Burma. In 1775, Chiang Mai was conquered by Taksin and incorporated into Siam.

Chiang Mai


(also Chieng Mai), a city in Thailand; situated on the Ping River, a tributary of the Chao Phraya. Population, 65,700 (1960). Chiang Mai is the capital of Chiang Mai Province. It is the terminus of a railroad from Bangkok. The city’s industries include logging (mainly the procurement of teak), timber flotation, sawmilling, and the manufacture of food products, including tobacco products. From the 13th to the 18th century, Chiang Mai was the capital of a kingdom that was also called Chiang Mai.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When guests are not exploring Chiang Mai's many attractions, they can cool off in the hotel's outdoor swimming pool or work out in the fitness center.
In this article I will highlight the way in which Phra Pho Pan's utopianism, centred on the future Buddha, was manifested in three locations in the district of Mae Wang, Chiang Mai province: the village of Ban Mai Sawan, the meditation retreat of Doi Sapphanyu, and the King's Mountain hermitage.
Our hotel (Novotel) is smack dab in the center of Chiang Mai city, and even on our first evening after a whole day of traveling, many in the group were already exploring the sidewalks and stalls with all sorts of commodities, as they would do every night of our stay.
According to website, Chiang Mai has been ranked the city with the most polluted air in the world for over a week, with the Air Quality Index (AQI) measuring at 409 points on Tuesday, considered to be at the 'hazardous level'.
Le Grand Lanna, Dhara Devi Chiang Mai's red chicken curry We were a stone's throw away from Tha Pae Gate and Warorot Market.
Also, some nationalities visit Chiang Mai more often and during specific seasons.
As per an official press release by the Consulate of India in Thailand, the event was attended by Governor of Chiang Mai province Pawin Chamniprasart, Consulate of Ireland, Vice-President of Chiang Mai University, Director of Indian Studies Centre at Chiang Mai, and President of Indian Community in Chiang Mai.
Speaking to Geo News in Chiang Mai, Thailand, from where the legendary batsman will accompany the trophy to Pakistan, Younis shared his excitement for the special occasion.
Wuthichai said Chiang Mai Zoo does not hold elephant shows but allows tourists to feed the animals.
The 266-room MAaAaAeAe[micro]venpick Suriwongse Hotel Chiang Mai opened its doo to guests on November 7 marking another milestone in the hospitality company's Asian expansion strategy and growing its portfolio in Thailand to six properties strong.
Songkran celebrations are very exuberant in Chiang Mai when the Buddhist New Year in April is marked with singing, dancing and buckets of water being thrown.
In northern Thailand, especially in Chiang Mai province, where the largest population of dairy cattle in the region is located, bTB in dairy farms has been reported almost every year.