Chianuri

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chianuri

 

a Georgian bowed instrument. The chianuri has a round, cup-shaped body over the top of which is stretched a membrane of animal bladder; among the Svans a gourd is often used for the body of the instrument. The quadrihedral neck often passes through the body, emerging at the bottom as a kind of supporting leg. The two or three twisted horsehair strings are stretched between pegs at the top of the instrument and a metal ring of the tailpiece, which is secured to the supporting leg. The strings are tuned to a second or third, and the bow resembles an arc. The chianuri, which is held vertically against the knee, is used as an accompanying instrument. Once popular among such peoples as the Khevsurs and Gurians, the chianuri is now rarely encountered.

REFERENCE

Vertkov, K., G. Blagodatov, and E. Iazovitskaia. Atlas muzykal’-nykh instrumentov narodov SSSR, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1975. Pages 130–31.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.