Chickasaw


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Related to Chickasaw: Choctaw, Chickasaw State Park

Chickasaw

(chĭk`əsô), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They occupied N Mississippi and were closely related in language and culture to the Choctaw. The Chickasaw warred constantly with the Choctaw, the Creek, the Cherokee, and the Shawnee. The decline of the Chickasaw can be traced to the conflict for control of interior North America between France and Great Britain. Probably because British traders were established in their country before the settlement of Louisiana, the Chickasaw fought on the side of Great Britain, and French attempts to make peace with them were unsuccessful. After 1834 they moved, according to treaty arrangements, to Oklahoma, where they constituted one of the Five Civilized TribesFive Civilized Tribes,
inclusive term used since mid-19th cent. for the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes of E Oklahoma. By 1850 some 60,000 members of these tribes were settled in the Indian Territory under the Removal Act of 1830, which provided that
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. In 1990 there were 21,500 Chickasaw in the United States.

Bibliography

See A. M. Gibson, The Chickasaws (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Parks and Louisville MSD work collaboratively, designing enhancements within Chickasaw Park that will improve water quality, habitat and ecological function.
Why did that emergency room in the Chickasaw County hospital close?
Duval discusses in detail the full blood Chickasaw chief Payamataha and later Chickasaw War Chief Piomingo whose name in English means Mountain Leader or Mountain King.
Target: Bill's Car Washes in Casselberry, East Orlando, Sanford and Chickasaw, Florida
The process of negotiating new treaties was fraught with difficulties as the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations' understandings of citizenship conflicted with the desires of the federal government.
Chapter One, "Living in Slavery," narrates dreadful tales of this treatment of enslaved people (and indeed, almost always of free black people as well) among the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles, as each nation passed its own laws excluding people of African descent--including those related to them by blood, as was often the case--from tribal membership.
Such a tradition, ripe for a sensationalist plot, never existed among the Choctaws or Chickasaws. (3) Similarly, Choctaw chiefs Greenwood LeFlore and Pushamataha, inspirations for the Chickasaw chief Weddel in "Lo!," traveled to Washington to renegotiate territorial boundaries as did the character.
Summary: Bill Anoatubby, governor of the Chickasaw Nation, has named Debra Gee general counsel and executive officer for the Chickasaw Nation Division of Justice.
Riding Out The Storm: 19th Century Chickasaw Governors, Their Lives and Intellectual Legacy is the not only the story of three Native American leaders, but also of the people they led, governed, and inspired.
Following the ceremony, the bride's parents hosted a reception at Chickasaw Country Club, which was decorated as a garden with boxwoods and flowering vines in the soft color palette of blush, white, and ivory flowers and blooming branches of cherry blossoms.
Chickasaw Nation Health Clinic--Ardmore Ardmore, OK