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(chĭk`əsô), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They occupied N Mississippi and were closely related in language and culture to the Choctaw. The Chickasaw warred constantly with the Choctaw, the Creek, the Cherokee, and the Shawnee. The decline of the Chickasaw can be traced to the conflict for control of interior North America between France and Great Britain. Probably because British traders were established in their country before the settlement of Louisiana, the Chickasaw fought on the side of Great Britain, and French attempts to make peace with them were unsuccessful. After 1834 they moved, according to treaty arrangements, to Oklahoma, where they constituted one of the Five Civilized TribesFive Civilized Tribes,
inclusive term used since mid-19th cent. for the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes of E Oklahoma. By 1850 some 60,000 members of these tribes were settled in the Indian Territory under the Removal Act of 1830, which provided that
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. In 1990 there were 21,500 Chickasaw in the United States.


See A. M. Gibson, The Chickasaws (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
After all, Indians faced near genocide at the hands of whites and some, among them the Chickasaw, were forcibly removed from their fertile homeland in the American South and sent west to semi-arid Oklahoma by the US government to make room for white settlers.
A former Chickasaw slave herself, Love told an interviewer in 1937, when she was 93 years old, what life had been like for an enslaved person in Indian Territory.
The closing poem on page 121, "Native and American," by David Ballard perfectly summarizes how the Chickasaw warrior tradition continues today, as shown by the photo portrait of four Chickasaw warriors enlisted U.
Freddie Mac is sponsoring a $10 million pilot program in home financing for all income levels of the Chickasaw Nation, in collaboration with the Chickasaw Nation, PMI Mortgage Insurance Co.
Home mortgage programs are more creative since NAHASDA was established, says Kay-Taylor Colbert, press secretary to Governor Bill Anoatubby of the Chickasaw Nation.
Linda Hogan, who is of mixed Chickasaw and European ancestry, is one of a handful of the most important poets of American Indian background among the many writing today.
Later this month, the Chickasaws are expected to deploy Multimedia's MGAMe Cash and Cage module, which provides vault and cash tracking services, and the Slot Reporting module, which provides tools to analyze current and historical slot machine performance.
The installation at the Chickasaw Nation sites represents this system's largest deployment to date and Multimedia's first deployment of the MGAMe System modules in facilities containing both Class II and Oklahoma Compact games.
It will allow Chickasaws, no matter where they live, to connect with our rich history, experience the pride that comes from being Chickasaw and discover the many opportunities available to them through our programs and services.
The author, who passed away just after this book was completed, discusses the important role the Chickasaws had in opening trade routes between Mississippi and the Atlantic coast and details the military, political and social interactions that led to the settling of the Southern Frontier.
To the Chickasaw and other southeastern Native American tribes one artifact hard-pressed to withstand the wages of time -- the feather cape -- was made to honor tribal elders and leaders.
and the Chickasaw Nation has won a Best Practices award from the U.