Chicken Mite


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chicken Mite

 

(Dermanyssus gallinae), a parasitic, blood sucking gamasid mite. Length, approximately 0.75 mm. It is very widely distributed; in the USSR it is almost ubiquitous. The chicken mite parasitizes poultry (chickens, pigeons) and wild birds. It settles in nests and cracks in the walls of poultry houses, usually attacking the birds at night. When there is massive reproduction, the chicken mite emaciates chickens and lowers their egg production. It is a carrier of some viruses (including chicken encephalitis). It often bites persons who work in poultry houses, causing itching and dermatitides. Control measures call for disinfestation of poultry houses.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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