Earl Warren

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Warren, Earl,

1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif., and held several local offices. He served (1939–43) as state attorney general and was governor of California from 1943 to 1953. In 1948 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket headed by Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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. In Oct., 1953, President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice to succeed Fred M. VinsonVinson, Frederick Moore,
1890–1953, 13th chief justice of the United States (1946–53), b. Louisa, Ky. He received his law degree from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky (1911). He served (1923–29, 1931–38) in the U.S.
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. One of the most dynamic of chief justices, Warren led the court toward a number of landmark decisions in the fields of civil rights and individual liberties. Among these were the unanimous 1954 decision, written by Warren, ending segregation in the nation's schools (see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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); the one man, one vote rulings, which opened the way for legislative and Congressional reapportionment; and decisions in criminal cases guaranteeing the right to counsel and protecting the accused from police abuses. In 1963–64, Warren headed the commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy (see Warren CommissionWarren Commission,
popular name given to the U.S. Commission to Report upon the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, established (Nov. 29, 1963) by executive order of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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). He retired from the bench in 1969. His public papers were edited by H. M. Christman (1959).

Bibliography

See biographies by J. D. Weaver (1967), G. E. White (1982), and E. Cray (1997); studies by A. Cox (1968), R. H. Sayler et al. (1969), and B. Schwartz (1983).

Warren, Earl

(1891–1974) Supreme Court chief justice; born in Los Angeles. He was district attorney in Alameda County, Calif. (1920–39), state attorney general (1939–43), and served three terms as governor of California (1942–53) before President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1953–69). To many people's surprise, the liberal "Warren Court" actively used its judiciary powers to decide several landmark cases that affected civil rights, criminal procedure, and religious practice. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) desegregated public schools and ruled segregation "inherently unequal." Miranda v. Arizona (1966) ensured the rights of criminal suspects. The court shocked the country when it found required prayer in public schools to breach the separation of church and state. At the special request of President Lyndon Johnson, he headed the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination; the "Warren Commission" found that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
References in periodicals archive ?
But redistricting's modern era only really began in the 1960s, when an energetic Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Earl Warren established the principle of "one man, one vote," and Lyndon Johnson's Voting Rights Act required the creation of districts in which minorities could conceivably be elected.
We need only to look to the careers of Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justice David Souter on the United States Supreme Court for proof.
Later still, in 1969, Chief Justice Earl Warren would cite the Wilkes case in ruling that the House of Representatives had acted unconstitutionally by excluding Rep.
Douglas (Washington), Chief Justice Earl Warren (California), and Associate Justice Byron White (Colorado).
The "Warren Court," for example, under Chief Justice Earl Warren (1953-69), is remembered as a court that helped nudge the country in a more liberal direction.
Bad News," about Alden Whitman, The New York Times' chief obit writer who traveled the world interviewing Pablo Picasso, Ho Chi Minh, Charlie Chaplin and Chief Justice Earl Warren.
Chief Justice Earl Warren decreed: 'We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place.
Examples range from former Chief Justice Earl Warren, an Eisenhower appointee whose activist tendencies eventually outraged many Republicans, to current Justice David Souter, a Bush Sr.
A decade before Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the unanimous opinion in that case, outlawing state-sponsored educational discrimination as a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause, Gonzalo Mendez sued the Westminster School District when his 8-year-old daughter was forced to attend a school for children of ``Mexican and Latin descent.
Eisenhower's presidency, Chief Justice Earl Warren, speaking on behalf of a unanimous Supreme Court, issued a historic ruling that he and his colleagues hoped would irrevocably change the social fabric of the United States.
12) Earl Warren, The Memoirs of Chief Justice Earl Warren 291 (Doubleday & Co.
Chief Justice Earl Warren recused himself, and Justice Douglas dissented.

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