Earl Warren

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Warren, Earl,

1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif., and held several local offices. He served (1939–43) as state attorney general and was governor of California from 1943 to 1953. In 1948 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket headed by Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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. In Oct., 1953, President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice to succeed Fred M. VinsonVinson, Frederick Moore,
1890–1953, 13th chief justice of the United States (1946–53), b. Louisa, Ky. He received his law degree from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky (1911). He served (1923–29, 1931–38) in the U.S.
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. One of the most dynamic of chief justices, Warren led the court toward a number of landmark decisions in the fields of civil rights and individual liberties. Among these were the unanimous 1954 decision, written by Warren, ending segregation in the nation's schools (see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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); the one man, one vote rulings, which opened the way for legislative and Congressional reapportionment; and decisions in criminal cases guaranteeing the right to counsel and protecting the accused from police abuses. In 1963–64, Warren headed the commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy (see Warren CommissionWarren Commission,
popular name given to the U.S. Commission to Report upon the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, established (Nov. 29, 1963) by executive order of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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). He retired from the bench in 1969. His public papers were edited by H. M. Christman (1959).


See biographies by J. D. Weaver (1967), G. E. White (1982), and E. Cray (1997); studies by A. Cox (1968), R. H. Sayler et al. (1969), and B. Schwartz (1983).

Warren, Earl

(1891–1974) Supreme Court chief justice; born in Los Angeles. He was district attorney in Alameda County, Calif. (1920–39), state attorney general (1939–43), and served three terms as governor of California (1942–53) before President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1953–69). To many people's surprise, the liberal "Warren Court" actively used its judiciary powers to decide several landmark cases that affected civil rights, criminal procedure, and religious practice. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) desegregated public schools and ruled segregation "inherently unequal." Miranda v. Arizona (1966) ensured the rights of criminal suspects. The court shocked the country when it found required prayer in public schools to breach the separation of church and state. At the special request of President Lyndon Johnson, he headed the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination; the "Warren Commission" found that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
References in periodicals archive ?
characterization of Brown is his claim that Chief Justice Warren applied
We must heed the advice of Chief Justice Warren and be especially vigilant to "the day-to-day job of upholding the Constitution.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) Chief Justice Warren Burger, a member of the original Roe majority, reversed himself and called for the reconsideration of Roe.
And the oxymoron that Justice Frankfurter insisted Chief Justice Warren use in that opinion quickly captured the pace at which desegregation would occur.
436 (1966), Chief Justice Warren led the Court in a 5-4 decision establishing an exclusionary rule for criminal confessions.
But under intense questioning at argument by Chief Justice Warren, Leverett backed away from this position and admitted that the use of yellow and white tickets was inherently unconstitutional regardless of whether actual discrimination was proved.
Tax Commission, Chief Justice Warren Burger, writing for the majority, concluded that the New York tax law "is neither the advancement nor the inhibition of religion; it is neither sponsorship nor hostility.
Board of Education (1954) was a diplomatic victory for Chief Justice Warren and has since been hailed as a watershed event in civil rights history.
Did you know that in his will, former Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren Burger didn't make provisions for estate taxes?
Chief Justice Warren eagerly answered any of his grandson's questions and remembered just where to look for the answer in the 26 volumes of the Warren Report.
This was the stated aim of Chief Justice Warren Burger, who in the 1970s urged Congress to turn prisons into "factories with fences.

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