Earl Warren

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Warren, Earl,

1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif., and held several local offices. He served (1939–43) as state attorney general and was governor of California from 1943 to 1953. In 1948 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket headed by Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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. In Oct., 1953, President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice to succeed Fred M. VinsonVinson, Frederick Moore,
1890–1953, 13th chief justice of the United States (1946–53), b. Louisa, Ky. He received his law degree from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky (1911). He served (1923–29, 1931–38) in the U.S.
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. One of the most dynamic of chief justices, Warren led the court toward a number of landmark decisions in the fields of civil rights and individual liberties. Among these were the unanimous 1954 decision, written by Warren, ending segregation in the nation's schools (see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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); the one man, one vote rulings, which opened the way for legislative and Congressional reapportionment; and decisions in criminal cases guaranteeing the right to counsel and protecting the accused from police abuses. In 1963–64, Warren headed the commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy (see Warren CommissionWarren Commission,
popular name given to the U.S. Commission to Report upon the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, established (Nov. 29, 1963) by executive order of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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). He retired from the bench in 1969. His public papers were edited by H. M. Christman (1959).

Bibliography

See biographies by J. D. Weaver (1967), G. E. White (1982), and E. Cray (1997); studies by A. Cox (1968), R. H. Sayler et al. (1969), and B. Schwartz (1983).

Warren, Earl

(1891–1974) Supreme Court chief justice; born in Los Angeles. He was district attorney in Alameda County, Calif. (1920–39), state attorney general (1939–43), and served three terms as governor of California (1942–53) before President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1953–69). To many people's surprise, the liberal "Warren Court" actively used its judiciary powers to decide several landmark cases that affected civil rights, criminal procedure, and religious practice. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) desegregated public schools and ruled segregation "inherently unequal." Miranda v. Arizona (1966) ensured the rights of criminal suspects. The court shocked the country when it found required prayer in public schools to breach the separation of church and state. At the special request of President Lyndon Johnson, he headed the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination; the "Warren Commission" found that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
References in periodicals archive ?
I have for announcement," Chief Justice Warren said, "the judgment and opinion of the Court in No.
characterization of Brown is his claim that Chief Justice Warren applied
63) As a result, Chief Justice Warren announced the decision and Justice Brennan's central role remained largely unknown for many years--another early example of his effective but oftenuncredited work on the Court (p.
For example, on May 27, 1986, President Reagan simultaneously announced the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Burger, the elevation of William H.
We must heed the advice of Chief Justice Warren and be especially vigilant to "the day-to-day job of upholding the Constitution.
Morgan has written one of the most straightforward, bold, damning, and courageous explanations of how the Rehnquist Court failed to do its constitutional duty to interpret the Constitution in the manner authorized by the American people themselves; and in particular, how Justices O'Connor, Kennedy, and Souter continued the unbridled judicial arbitrariness of Chief Justice Warren and Associate Justice William Brennan ("The Failure of the Rehnquist Court," Spring 2006).
You will notice that Rehnquist's Supreme Court biography happens to skip the Warren Court years--not that exposure to Earl Warren would likely have made much difference, but it is worth noting that Chief Justice Warren does not even appear in the index to Rehnquist's book on the Supreme Court, a part-memoir and part-history that he published in 1987.
In the ruling on the Nixon tapes, Chief Justice Warren Burger reaffirmed earlier court decisions that "no person, not even the president of the United States, is above the law.
Times, focuses Blackmun's biography on abortion, gender discrimination, the death penalty, and his relationship with Chief Justice Warren Burger.
Douglas, Potter Stewart, and Chief Justice Warren Burger overturned the abortion laws of all 50 states and essentially legalized the "right" to abortion for any reason throughout pregnancy.
The papers also provide a probing revelation of the half-century relationship between Blackmun and Chief Justice Warren Burger, its deterioration, and its significance--for both the men and the Court they served.
Rebecca Dudley of the Brush News-Tribune in Colorado was a copy editor when Chief Justice Warren Burger retired from the Supreme Court.

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