Edward Douglass White

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White, Edward Douglass

White, Edward Douglass, 1845–1921, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1894–1910), 9th chief justice of the United States (1910–21), b. Lafourche parish, La. He attended the Jesuit College in New Orleans and Georgetown College (now Georgetown Univ.), Washington, D.C. After service in the Confederate army he practiced law. White became (1879) judge of the Louisiana supreme court and served (1891–94) in the U.S. Senate until he was appointed (1894) associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court by President Cleveland. Made chief justice by President Taft, White—the first Southerner since Roger Taney to head the Supreme Court—was generally a conservative on the bench. He wrote the “rule of reason” decisions, which differentiated between legal and illegal business combinations, in the antitrust cases against the American Tobacco Company and the Standard Oil Company in 1911. In 1916 he wrote the decision upholding the constitutionality of the Adamson Act, which established an eight-hour day for railroad workers.


See biographies by M. C. C. Klinkhamer (1943) and G. Hagemann (1962).

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White, Edward Douglass

(1845–1921) Supreme Court justice/chief justice; born in Lafourche Parish, La. He was active in Louisiana politics and helped found Tulane University. He served one term in the U.S. Senate (Dem., La.; 1891) before his nomination by President Cleveland to the U.S. Supreme Court (1894–1910); President Taft appointed him chief justice (1910–21).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Research in the books revealed a spirit in Chief Justice White that I have come to know myself, living in Louisiana.
By way of special effects, Chief Justice White, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., and Louis D.
Chief Justice White referred to the book, you will hear, when he told of his change of heart towards "Old Glory" at the new Willard Hotel, in the Nation's Capital, at the start of the October Term 1914.
After Chief Justice White announced the Standard Oil decision, Theodore Roosevelt exclaimed that the Supreme Court has an edge over the other branches of government: "The President and the Congress are all very well in their way.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE, rising from his desk, comes up center and recites a letter home to New Orleans, to his lawyer friend, Henry Dart--as death plucks WHITE's ear.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE: [Letter in hand.] Twenty-seven years ago when I came to the Court it was suggested that I would lose touch with the lawyers of Louisiana.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE: [Still reciting perfectly from memory to Henry Dart.] Now, as to the statue you propose, should one ever be erected in my memory, I would prefer my bronze bones to rest on Royal Street, in the Vieux Carre, rather than in the National Statuary Hall in the Capitol.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE: Anything in the papers, ma Chere, about the Court's releasing a dreadful smuggler from prison?
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE gets up from his desk, salutes the platoon of records and briefs at his feet--his company for twenty-seven years now--and marches over to MRS.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE's casket is carried out of 1717 Rhode Island Ave.
When I was growing up my family lived in the neighborhood of Chief Justice White in Washington.
After Chief Justice White died in 1921, President Harding nominated William Howard Taft on June 30, 1921.

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