Edward Douglass White

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White, Edward Douglass,

1845–1921, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1894–1910), 9th chief justice of the United States (1910–21), b. Lafourche parish, La. He attended the Jesuit College in New Orleans and Georgetown College (now Georgetown Univ.), Washington, D.C. After service in the Confederate army he practiced law. White became (1879) judge of the Louisiana supreme court and served (1891–94) in the U.S. Senate until he was appointed (1894) associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court by President Cleveland. Made chief justice by President Taft, White—the first Southerner since Roger Taney to head the Supreme Court—was generally a conservative on the bench. He wrote the "rule of reason" decisions, which differentiated between legal and illegal business combinations, in the antitrust cases against the American Tobacco Company and the Standard Oil Company in 1911. In 1916 he wrote the decision upholding the constitutionality of the Adamson Act, which established an eight-hour day for railroad workers.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. C. C. Klinkhamer (1943) and G. Hagemann (1962).

White, Edward Douglass

(1845–1921) Supreme Court justice/chief justice; born in Lafourche Parish, La. He was active in Louisiana politics and helped found Tulane University. He served one term in the U.S. Senate (Dem., La.; 1891) before his nomination by President Cleveland to the U.S. Supreme Court (1894–1910); President Taft appointed him chief justice (1910–21).
References in periodicals archive ?
We heard the story of Chief Justice White and his enemy in arms, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Research in the books revealed a spirit in Chief Justice White that I have come to know myself, living in Louisiana.
By way of special effects, Chief Justice White, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Chief Justice White referred to the book, you will hear, when he told of his change of heart towards "Old Glory" at the new Willard Hotel, in the Nation's Capital, at the start of the October Term 1914.
Act V of our play portrays the Cricket Spirit in Chief Justice White.
After Chief Justice White announced the Standard Oil decision, Theodore Roosevelt exclaimed that the Supreme Court has an edge over the other branches of government: "The President and the Congress are all very well in their way.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE, rising from his desk, comes up center and recites a letter home to New Orleans, to his lawyer friend, Henry Dart--as death plucks WHITE's ear.
CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE gets up from his desk, salutes the platoon of records and briefs at his feet--his company for twenty-seven years now--and marches over to MRS.
When I was growing up my family lived in the neighborhood of Chief Justice White in Washington.
Chief Justice White put his trust in God, even on the Court.
Chief Justice White was lucky in the quality of his birth--a country boy
After Chief Justice White died in 1921, President Harding nominated William Howard Taft on June 30, 1921.

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