mufti

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mufti

(mŭf`tē), in Islamic law, attorney or judicial/religious scholar who writes his opinion (fatwafatwa,
in Islamic law, an opinion made by a judicial/religious scholar (a mufti) on a legal, civil, or religious matter. The fatwa is usually a valuable source of information on any subject for private individuals or for judges or other authorities, and it is normally used as a
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) on legal subjects for private clients or to assist judges in deciding cases. The recorded opinions of the muftis are a valuable source of information for the actual working of Islamic law as opposed to the abstract formulation. Only in the fields of marriage, divorce, and inheritance are the fatwas binding precedents; on other subjects they might be set aside. In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these. The British, who retained the institution in some Muslim areas under their control, gave to the office of Amin al-HusseiniHusseini, Amin al-
, 1896?–1974, Arab political and religious leader. He was inveterately opposed to the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, and, suspected of complicity in anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem (1920), he fled to avoid punishment.
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, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, great political importance.

Mufti

 

in Islam, a higher theological figure empowered to pronounce opinions on religious and legal matters and to give instructions about the application of the sharia (the body of formally established sacred law in Islam). A mufti’s opinion (fatwa) is based on the religious and legal canons of the Islamic school (Sunnism or Shiism) or sect (madhab) predominant in a given country.

mufti

1. a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2. (in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
References in periodicals archive ?
On Thursday, Sheikh Abd al-Rahman Ali al-Dala, aide to the chief mufti of Syria, who is loyal to President Bashar Assad, gave an interview to Sham FM, a radio station that supports Assad.
Jaffaria Alliance Pakistan chief Allama Abbas Komaili called on Sunni Rehbar Council chief Mufti Muneebur Rehman at the Jamia Naeemia on Sunday to offer condolences and Fateha for those killed in the suicide attack on the Data Darbar shrine in Lahore.
The Sharia law prohibits proximity of women and men in a workplace, said a recent fatwa (dictat) issued by a bench of clerics headed by Chief Mufti Habib-ur-Rehman.
Benedict, at the invitation of Shaykh Mustafa Cagrici, chief mufti of Istanbul, stood beside him before the beautiful prayer niche of the famed "Blue Mosque," placed his forearms and hands across his upper waist as Sunni Muslims do in prayer, closed his eyes, and joined the mufti in a brief moment of silent reflection.
Previously, the Sofia City Court attempted to resolve the issue in May 2005 by formally registering Mustafa Alish Hadji as Chief Mufti.
The chief rabbi did make remarks in support of threats by the chief mufti, the most powerful Muslim figure in Moscow.
He was a former Muslim cleric -- he served as Chechnya's chief mufti, or Islamic leader -- who fought against the Russians during the first Chechen war in 1994-96.
The country's two top Muslim leaders - Supreme Mufti Talgat Tadzhuddin and Chief Mufti Ravil Gainutdin - split over the question of whether to proclaim a jihad against the US.
Chechnya's chief mufti, or Muslim spiritual leader, told Putin that abuses by Russian troops pushed young people into joining the rebels.
Speaking at a press conference at Peshawar Press Club on Thursday, JUI-F Fata chief Mufti Abdul Shakoor claimed that some elements in a sit-in in Islamabad had raised slogans of 'greater Pakhtunistan' and 'Azad Pakhtunistan', but his party was determined to foil such attempts.
Moscow, SANA- Minister of Religious Endowments (Awqaf), Mohammad Abdul-Sattar al-Sayyed, signed on Monday a scientific cooperation agreement with the Chief Mufti of Moscow and Central Russia, Albir Krganov.
KARACHI -- Jamia Binorias chief Mufti Naeem has said that Karachis water crisis is due to lack of rains which is the result of evildoings, adding that it is a test from God.

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