Osceola

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Osceola

(ŏsēō`lə, ō–), c.1800–1838, leader of the SeminoleSeminole,
Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They separated (their name means "separatist") from the Creek in the early 18th cent.
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. He was also called Powell, the surname of his supposed white father. In the early 1830s, Osceola was living close to Fort King, near the site of Ocala, Fla. Although not a chief, he rose to a position of prominence among the Seminole and led the young warriors who denounced the treaties of 1832 and 1833, which provided for the removal of the Native Americans to the West. In Dec., 1835, Osceola's warriors killed Wiley Thompson, the Indian agent in charge of the removal. U.S. troops under General Jesup drove his band southward into the Everglades, but Osceola, skillfully using guerrilla tactics, resisted capture. Fighting ceased early in 1837, only to break out again in June. Overtures for peace were sent to Osceola, and he agreed to meet with Jesup in St. Augustine under a flag of truce. Jesup, never intending to discuss peace, had Osceola seized and imprisoned at Fort Moultrie, S.C., where he died shortly afterward.

Bibliography

See study by W. and E. Hartley (1973).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The team's "Seminole" nickname, in use since 1947, and the Chief Osceola mascot, have long been supported by the local Seminole tribe.
To celebrate this status, Florida State erected "Unconquered," a statue of the Chief Osceola mascot, outside its football stadium.
His face decorated with war paint, a man dressed as Chief Osceola, a 19th-century Seminole warrior and the Florida State University (FSU) mascot, gallops across the football field.
Mascots like Chief Osceola, which are often based on stereotypical images of Native American tribes, are still common in sports--from high schools and colleges to professional teams.
Under their noble chief Osceola,a fine military strategist and a fiery orator, theSeminoles fought a war against the USA from 1837 until1842.
That unconquered spirit is perfectly characterized in the Seminole tribe of Florida." (28) Florida State appropriates the historical Chief Osceola and Seminole tribe through known artifacts like eagle feathers and chickees.
(29) The image of Chief Osceola astride his horse brandishing a flaming spear--a scene of warlike savagery--is a Euramerican creation born of manifest destiny, myths of the Oregon Trail, and, more contemporarily, Hollywood's versions of John Wayne battling the fierce, bloodthirsty "red man." (30) This species of appropriation maintains the controversy and generalizes Indigenous populations to consumable images.

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