Chikamatsu Monzaemon

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chikamatsu Monzaemon


(pen name of Sugimori Nobumori). Born 1653; died Nov. 22,1724. Japanese playwright.

Chikamatsu wrote joruri plays for the puppet theater and Ka-buki dramas. Beginning in 1705 he wrote only joruri. He was the author of many historical tragedies on themes drawn from feudal epics and chronicles. In these works there is a clash between feelings and duty, with duty always triumphant; examples are Kagekiyo Victorious (1686) and Kokusenya Kassen (The Battles of Coxinga, 1715). He also wrote dramas set in an urban milieu about the unhappy fate of those in love, including Sonezaki Shinju (The Love Suicides at Sonezaki, 1703) and The Courier for Hell (1711). Chikamatsu was the first Japanese author of psychological dramas. Many of his plays are still performed in the Kabuki theater and the Japanese puppet theater.


In Russian translation:
Dramy. Moscow, 1963.
Dramaticheskie poemy. [Moscow, 1968.]


Konrad, N. I. “Iaponskii teatr.” In the collection Vostochnyi teatr. Leningrad, 1929.
Konrad, N. I. Ocherki iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1973.
Grigor’eva, T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura. Moscow, 1964.
Markova, V. “Mondzaemon Tikamatsu o teatral’nom iskusstve.” In the collection Teatr i dramaturgiia Iaponii. Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(9) Thus the first English collection of this dramatist's work, translated by Asataro Miyamori and edited by Robert Nichols, was called Masterpieces of Chikamatsu: The Japanese Shakespeare (London: Kegan Paul, 1926).
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This transformation was related to the great flowering of popular cultural forms in the late seventeenth century--among them the kabuki theater of Chikamatsu Monzaemon [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1653-1725) and the gesaku OTC fiction of Ihara Saikaku [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1642-93).
The "Japanese Shakespeare," Chikamatsu, wrote for the puppet theatre not Kabuki.
Likewise, Chikamatsu (2003) pointed out that CALL gains popularity and is becoming standard in foreign language classrooms.
In March this year he co-produced the first production tour to Japan from a UK university drama department (the Chikamatsu Project).
However, Chikamatsu (2003) conducted a study to examine the effects of computers on writing efficiency and quality among intermediate learners of Japanese who found computer use neither sped up nor slowed down their writing.
Artistic luminaries of this period include the dramatist Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1724), the author Ihara Saikaku (1642-93), and the poet Matsuo Basho (1644-94).