Chikamatsu Monzaemon

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Chikamatsu Monzaemon

 

(pen name of Sugimori Nobumori). Born 1653; died Nov. 22,1724. Japanese playwright.

Chikamatsu wrote joruri plays for the puppet theater and Ka-buki dramas. Beginning in 1705 he wrote only joruri. He was the author of many historical tragedies on themes drawn from feudal epics and chronicles. In these works there is a clash between feelings and duty, with duty always triumphant; examples are Kagekiyo Victorious (1686) and Kokusenya Kassen (The Battles of Coxinga, 1715). He also wrote dramas set in an urban milieu about the unhappy fate of those in love, including Sonezaki Shinju (The Love Suicides at Sonezaki, 1703) and The Courier for Hell (1711). Chikamatsu was the first Japanese author of psychological dramas. Many of his plays are still performed in the Kabuki theater and the Japanese puppet theater.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Dramy. Moscow, 1963.
Dramaticheskie poemy. [Moscow, 1968.]

REFERENCES

Konrad, N. I. “Iaponskii teatr.” In the collection Vostochnyi teatr. Leningrad, 1929.
Konrad, N. I. Ocherki iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1973.
Grigor’eva, T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura. Moscow, 1964.
Markova, V. “Mondzaemon Tikamatsu o teatral’nom iskusstve.” In the collection Teatr i dramaturgiia Iaponii. Moscow, 1965.

N. G. IVANENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
No en vano, Chikamatsu, el denominado Shakespeare nipon, acuno una certera frase que indicaba un claro cambio de mentalidad entre los viejos tiempos y los nuevos.
This transformation was related to the great flowering of popular cultural forms in the late seventeenth century--among them the kabuki theater of Chikamatsu Monzaemon [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1653-1725) and the gesaku OTC fiction of Ihara Saikaku [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1642-93).
The "Japanese Shakespeare," Chikamatsu, wrote for the puppet theatre not Kabuki.
Abraham Oceransky presento en la Muestra Nacional de Teatro que acaba de realizarse en la ciudad de Pachuca, Hidalgo, la obra Doble suicidio -adaptacion de Los amantes suicidas de Amijima (1720), del dramaturgo japones Chikamatsu Monzaemon.
Likewise, Chikamatsu (2003) pointed out that CALL gains popularity and is becoming standard in foreign language classrooms.
In March this year he co-produced the first production tour to Japan from a UK university drama department (the Chikamatsu Project).
However, Chikamatsu (2003) conducted a study to examine the effects of computers on writing efficiency and quality among intermediate learners of Japanese who found computer use neither sped up nor slowed down their writing.
Artistic luminaries of this period include the dramatist Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1724), the author Ihara Saikaku (1642-93), and the poet Matsuo Basho (1644-94).
Sasayama believes that comparisons between Chikamatsu (1653-1724) have often been forced in the interest of the latter's gaining recognition as a national playwright in a mould similar to that of Shakespeare.
One is Takashi Sasayama's brilliant comparison of Shakespeare and the Bunraku author Chikamatsu in terms of their control of audience response.
That 'renaissance,' however, seems to have left a residue of individualism that expressed itself in many levels of society: in the values and behavior of some of the samurai (Ikegami, 1995), in the increasing shift among peasants from kinship-based cooperative to individual farming (Smith, 1959), in the great concern of the merchant class for finding the appropriate balance between the needs of the individual and the needs of the group reflected in the great plays of Chikamatsu, and, not the least, in the life and work of one of the world's most individual personalities - the painter Hokusai.
However, the most influential discussions of literary theory do not take place until somewhat later still, first with the important writings of the great No dramatist Zeami Motokiyo (1363-1443), then, after a gap, with the reflections of the great haiku poet Basho (1644-1699) and the great Kabuki playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1725).