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Related to Chikoo: sapodilla, Chickoo


the edible fruit of Manilkara zapota (formerly Achras zapota), of the family Sapotaceae. The fleshy, brown fruit is the size of a small tomato, and has the flavor and texture of cinnamon, apple, and pear. The fruits are very astringent when young and must be fully ripened and soft to be eaten. The latex of the sapodilla plant is also the source of chiclechicle
, name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is
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, the chewing gum of the Aztecs. Another species, M. bidentata, produces a latex that is the source of balata, a non-elastic rubber that is used for manufacturing boots, machine belts, and items in tropical South America. Sapodilla is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ebenales, family Sapotaceae.
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Although this tree only grows in warm, tropical areas, I included it because the latex from this tree is the original source of chewing gum and the Sapodilla fruit is super sweet tasting like malty caramel dipped in brown sugar. These trees are popular in warm areas from Mexico to India, tropical Asia, Philippines, Caribbean, and people are starting to grow them in southern Florida, California, Hawaii and greenhouses. It can grow to 100 feet tall (30m). Wind-resistant. Bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called "chicle", containing 15% rubber and 38% resin, which makes it a great base for chewing gum. Tree has glossy elliptical leaves, little white bell-like flowers, with a six-lobed corolla. Fruit is large elliptical berry resembling a smooth potato containing two to ten black seeds that have a hook on one end. Don’t swallow the seeds whole or they will hook into your throat. Fruit inner flesh is yellow to golden brown with grainy pear-like texture. Fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked, whereupon the fruit softens to a firmness and appearance very similar to that of a fuzzy, brown-skinned kiwi. Unripe fruit are high in tannins which dry out the mouth (very astringent) and contain high levels of saponin. Tree bears fruit twice a year. Young leafy shoots can be eaten raw. Fruits, leaves, flowers and bark used for diarrhea, coughs, colds, pulmonary issues, Crushed seeds are a diuretic claimed to expel bladder and kidney stones. A fluid extract of the crushed seeds is sedative. Seed paste is applied on stings and bites from venomous animals. The latex is used in the tropics as a crude filling for tooth cavities.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Manilkara achras, Manilkara zapota, or Achras zapota), a plant of the family Sapotaceae. An evergreen tree measuring 15–20 m tall, the sapodilla has ovate or elliptic leathery leaves and small, white flowers. The rounded or oval fruits, which measure 5–10 cm across, contain ten to 12 hard black seeds and have sweet and juicy yellow-brown flesh. The sapodilla grows in tropical rain forests of Central and South America; it is cultivated in all tropical countries as a fruit and industrial plant. The milky juice obtained from the bark contains 20–25 percent of a substance closely related to gutta-percha, which is used to manufacture chewing gum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mohammed said the farm where he works had 500 palm trees, 50 mango and 70 chikoo trees and a huge number of wild almond trees earlier.
Apart from paddy and arecanut, their farm also produces cardamom, pepper, sugarcane and assorted fruits such as banana, mango and chikoo. The crops are grown organically, and they are self- sufficient as they also grow a variety of vegetables such as tomatoes, beans, cucumber, greens, various types of gourds and capsicum.
He also explained about banana tissue culture, mung bean-sugarcane intercropping, wheat zero tillage as well as initiatives taken in research of different horticultural plants like Ber, Chikoo, Falsa, Tomato and Bamboo.
For those with a patch of land near their villas, Mariam recommends growing trees like neem, mango or Sapodilla - commonly known as Chikoo.
The six-member delegation led by Faqir Nusrat Hussain have special expertise in the production and export of various fruits and vegetables including Guava, Chikoo (Sepatila), Mango, Citrus, Berry, Potato, Dry fruits, Gurr, Tobacco (cigar), fresh and dry dates etc.
Midge is actually a tiny two-winged fly while Chikoo is a fruit widely grown in India.
QUETTA, March 06, 2010 (Balochistan Times): Chikoo a favourite fruit of many refuses to come down as far as its price is concerned.
Fruit-bearing trees such as almond, mango, chikoo and cashew are also being planted alongside the new embankment.
400 to 450 Mosumbi 400 to 450 Malta 325 to 375 Guava 40 Kg 800 to 1000 Garma - - Musk Melon (Sarda) - - Chikoo 1100 to 1200 Peaches - - Pear - - Cherry - - Bare 1300 to 1500 Mango (Desi) 40 Kg - - Mango (Langra) - - Mango (Chounsa) - - Mango (Sindhri) - - Mango (Anwer Retole) - - Mango (Fajri) - - Mango (Doseri) - - Mango (Seroli) - - Lychy - - Strawberry - - Papaya 1100 to 1200 Melon 800 to 1000 Water Melon - - Jamun - - Plum - - Amlok - - Phalsa - - Loquat - - Banana Per Doz 15 to 30 Custard Apple (Sharifa) 90 to 110 VEGETABLES: 40 Kg Potato White 520 to 600 Onion 1000 to 1200 Ginger 4600 to 5000 Tomato 2200 to 2400