chikungunya

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Related to Chikungunya fever: yellow fever

chikungunya

(chĭkən-go͞on`yä), viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to eight days and include sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and often headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. The virus, of genus Alphavirus, occurs mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, but in recent decades has been found in Europe and the Americas. Though the disease is seldom fatal and symptoms generally subside after a few days, there is no cure for chikungunya, and it can cause long-term joint pain and other complications. Non-aspirin medications that reduce fever and relieve pain may help alleviate symptoms. Infection may be avoid by preventing mosquito bites with insect repellents and protective clothing and by removing water-filled breeding sites. The disease is sometimes misdiagnosed as dengue feverdengue fever
, acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease.
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, especially in areas where dengue is common. The virus was first identified in 1953, in Tanzania (then Tanganyika). Since 2000 there have been epidemics in several countries in SE Asia as well as islands in the Indian Ocean and the S Pacific. In 2007 the first outbreak in Europe occurred in NE Italy. The first outbreak in the Americas began in the Caribbean in 2013, and the first domestically acquired cases occurring in the United States were recorded in S Florida in 2014.
References in periodicals archive ?
Number of reported cases of chikungunya fever in the Americas, by country or territory.
Epidemiological update: autochthonous cases of chikungunya fever in the Caribbean region and South America [Internet].
Because no vaccine exists to prevent chikungunya fever, the mainstay of prevention is avoiding bites of the mosquitoes that transmit the virus, mostly during daylight hours.
Neurodevelopmental outcome of neonates with vertically transmitted Chikungunya fever with encephalopathy.
While West Nile is main disease New Jersey officials are most concerned about spreading, other viral diseases such as dengue fever, eastern equine encephalitis and chikungunya fever also reportedly has the ability to spread via the insects.
Other pathogens, like chikungunya fever, could be predicted with 75% accuracy.
This is the case of the Asian tiger mosquito, linked to more than 20 diseases, including yellow fever and chikungunya fever.
The report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) also warned of the spread of the Asia tiger mosquito, which is linked to more than 20 diseases including yellow fever and the dengue-like chikungunya fever.
In the island of Mauritius, the chikungunya fever outbreaks in 2005-2006 were significant public health challenges, as this vector borne disease had not been encountered before.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Exploiting the early immune response in Chikungunya fever promises to provide protection.