chikungunya

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Related to Chikungunya fever: yellow fever

chikungunya

(chĭkən-go͞on`yä), viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to eight days and include sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and often headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. The virus, of genus Alphavirus, occurs mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, but in recent decades has been found in Europe and the Americas. Though the disease is seldom fatal and symptoms generally subside after a few days, there is no cure for chikungunya, and it can cause long-term joint pain and other complications. Non-aspirin medications that reduce fever and relieve pain may help alleviate symptoms. Infection may be avoid by preventing mosquito bites with insect repellents and protective clothing and by removing water-filled breeding sites. The disease is sometimes misdiagnosed as dengue feverdengue fever
, acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease.
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, especially in areas where dengue is common. The virus was first identified in 1953, in Tanzania (then Tanganyika). Since 2000 there have been epidemics in several countries in SE Asia as well as islands in the Indian Ocean and the S Pacific. In 2007 the first outbreak in Europe occurred in NE Italy. The first outbreak in the Americas began in the Caribbean in 2013, and the first domestically acquired cases occurring in the United States were recorded in S Florida in 2014.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The type of chikungunya fever virus from Myanmar this year matches that of the locally acquired disease, according to CDC Deputy Director-General Chuang Jen-hsiang, who added that the record high number of imported chikungunya cases this year can be attributed to frequent people-to-people exchanges between Taiwan and Southeast and South Asian countries during the summer break.
A report of 21 cases of rheumatoid arthritis following Chikungunya fever. A mean follow-up of two years.
Local and regional spread of chikungunya fever in the Americas.
A study of the outbreak of Chikungunya fever. J Clin Diagn Res 2013;7:1059-62.
Guidelines on Clinical Management of Chikungunya Fever. New Delhi: World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2008.
According to the SHD of Ceara, our state concentrated 66% of the cases of Chikungunya fever in Brazil during this period, with 57.4% of cases in Fortaleza alone, to the best of our knowledge the city with the greatest epidemic of the disease.
Chikungunya Fever: An Epidemiological Review of a Re-Emerging Infectious Disease.
Cases of viral Chikungunya fever have drastically gone down over the past few weeks, Mombasa Health CEC Hazel Koitaba has said.
Chikungunya Fever During Pregnancy and in Children: An Overview on Clinical and Research Perspectives, 2016.