Family Law

(redirected from Child custody)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

Family Law


the branch of Soviet law that regulates personal and property relations among husbands, wives, children, and other family members. Family relations are by law separate and independent of nonfamily property and personal relations, which are regulated by civil or other law. In family law, as opposed to civil law, many nonproperty relations are determining and property relations are derivative.

The objectives of family law are, among others, to strengthen the family based on the principles of communist morality; to build family relations on a voluntary marital union between a man and a woman, on feelings of mutual love, friendship, and respect among all family members without pecuniary considerations; to bring up children in a manner fully consistent with social upbringing, in a spirit of devotion to the homeland and with a communist attitude toward work; to protect the interests and rights of mothers and children by all possible means; and to ensure a happy childhood for every child.

The system of family law has a general part and a special part. The general part defines the subject matter and method of family-law regulation, the legal subjects and objects of family law, the rights and duties of family members, and family legal relations. The special part deals with several fundamental institutions—marriage, family, the rights and duties of spouses, the rights and duties of parents and children, the termination of marriage, adoption, and guardianship and curatorship over minors.

The fundamental principles of Soviet family law were laid down in the early legislative acts of the Soviet Republic. They include complete equality of man and woman in questions of marriage and family, state aid to the family, monogamy, and the exercise of parental rights exclusively in the best interests of children.

Family relations are regulated by the Basic Principles of Legislation on Marriage and the Family of the USSR and Union Republics, which were passed by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on June 27, 1968, and which came into force on Oct. 1, 1968; they are also regulated by the Union republics’ codes on marriage and the family, which were adopted in 1969 and 1970 on the basis of the Basic Principles.

In other socialist countries, family law is also evolving as an independent branch of law.

In bourgeois states, family relations are regulated by civil legislation and, accordingly, are considered a part of civil law.


Riasentsev, V. A. Semeinoepravo. Moscow, 1971.
Vorozheikin, E. M. Semeinye pravootnosheniia v SSSR. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
When it comes to child custody cases, Al Tartoor said the child is always deemed the aggrieved party since he or she may be caught in the middle of their parents' dispute.
Yet even if a child custody evaluation (CCE) is conducted, MHCs can still find themselves involved in litigation if ethical procedures to separate the counselor and evaluator roles are not followed (Gorman, 2007; Greenberg et al.
With Japan yet to fix a schedule for ratifying an international treaty to help settle cross-border child custody disputes, the parents shouted "Stop child abduction" and "Sign the Hague" convention in the busy Ginza shopping district.
Helen's attorney advised the court that the UCCJEA section pertaining to initial child custody jurisdiction is codified as F.
Then, in Parts II-IV the Article examines the history of confusion in Alaska surrounding questions of tribal jurisdiction over child custody matters.
Child custody is a term that defines the legal relationship between a child and a parent.
The JFBA chief also said as Japan is set to sign the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, which sets procedures for settling cross-border child custody disputes, the system enabling individuals to report on rights violations would help resolve problems arising from joining that pact.
The fathers said that "the Suzanne Mubarak Laws," or el-Hanem's Laws, give women dominance in all post-divorce matters including child custody .
This rule is in the best interests of children and helps to provide more predictability to imprecise child custody standards by removing the ability of state judges to factor in military service based on their own personal and moral values.
A reaction to the women's movement of the 1960s was that child custody law officially became gender neutral.
The investigation disclosed a conspiracy between officials of the Education Ministry, international child adoption agencies, child custody agencies, notaries of Bishkek, Chui oblast, and Osh.

Full browser ?