The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an early medieval castle (late fourth to early eighth centuries) located south of the settlement of Shakhristan in Ura-Tiube Raion, Tadzhik SSR. Chil’khudzhra was excavated from 1961 to 1966. Quadrangular in plan and constructed of mud brick, it had strong walls, with round corner towers and a donjon. Three building periods were traced. The ceilings were vaulted, and a ramp linked the interior with the roof. Remains of wall paintings, wood sculptures and utensils, fragments of the oldest musical instruments in Tadzhikistan, jewelry, and a gold bracteate were found. The most valuable finds were epigraphic remains: three small boards with Sogdian inscriptions in ink (one a receipt for repayment of a debt), which solved the problem of the linguistic affiliation and written language of the population of Ustrushana.


Pulatov, U. P. Chil’khudzhra. Dushanbe, 1975.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.