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the language of the Chinantec, spoken in the northeastern part of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Chinantec is an Otomian-Mixtecan-Zapotecan language.

Chinantec has a rich vowel system. Its dialects have eight short vowels and long and nasalized vowels, and its relatively sophisticated system of consonants includes a glottal h and a glottal stop. Chinantec has a complex system of phonological tones: depending on the dialect, there may be three or four simple tones and a sequence of two or three of these tones may occur in a single syllable. The complicated syllabic structure permits initial and final clusters made up of a glottal and a consonant and allows of initial clusters composed of a consonant followed by a glide (w or j): hņĩαn2 + 3 (“he kills”) and ry2kwəhn1 (“I will give”), with tones indicated by numerals. Grammatical meaning is expressed through affixes (syllabic and nonsyllabic) and alterations in tone, as in ry2kwəhn1 (“I will give”) and ry2 + 3kwəh2 + 3 (“he will give”). Grammatical meaning may also be expressed by auxiliary words and through word order.


Weitlaner, R. J. “Los Chinantecos.” In Revista mexicana de estudios antropológicos, 1909, vol. 3.
Rensch, C. R., and C. M. Rensch. “The Lalana Chinantec Syllable.” In Summa anthropológica en homanaje a R. J. Weitlaner. Mexico City, 1966.
Merrifield, W. R. “Linguistic Clues for the Reconstruction of Chinantec Prehistory.” Ibid.
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of rustic coffee plantations in the conservation of wild tree diversity in the Chinantec region of Mexico.
A Chinantec teacher in the BIC based in Guelatao explains the paradox resulting from the position of the authorities:
Hydraulic Development and etnocide: The Mazatec and Chinantec People of Oaxaca, Mexico".
A forester in his late 20s, Lopez Hernandez was returning to his village of Santiago Comaltepec, an indigenous Chinantec community about 70 miles north of the city of Oaxaca, to head up the Union of Zapotec-Chinantec Forest Producer Communities, a cooperative made up of his village and three neighboring communities.
Algonquian: Cree [Dahlstrom 1986; Wolfart 1973], Blackfoot [Pustet 1995], Ojibwa [Rhodes 1990; Jelinek 1990], Athabaskan: Navajo [Young and Morgan 1980; Hale 1973], TibetoBurman: Jinghpaw [DeLancey 1981b], Nootkan [Whistler 1985]; Otomanguean: Sochiapan Chinantec [Foris 1993]; see Klaiman 1991 and Givon 1994 for more references) (a subset of) transitive/ditransitive verbs have two forms called DIRECT and INVERSE.
Gwaltney, himself blind almost since birth, wrote his award-winning anthropology dissertation at Columbia University on river blindness among the Chinantec Indian under the guidance of the revered Margaret Mead, later published as The Thrice Shy: Cultural Accommodation to Blindness and Other Disasters in a Mexican Community(1970).
others: Agarabi (K6), Aguacatec (M2-4, K6), Angaataha (B14, K6), Bodi (F11-12), Chayahuita (B14, K6), Chemehuevi (N5), Chetko (R8), Chinantec (B14, K6, M2), Chumburu (K6), Coeur d'Alene (K9), Cofan (B14, K6), Colorado?
Modernization:' "development" and the application of loan money in the Americas brings me to the deadline now faced by the Chinantec and Kayapo Indians.
However, what makes Sochiapan Chinantec interesting is the ditransitive marking of events like 'remove'.