Chinese Calendar

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Chinese Calendar

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In 1912, China officially adopted the Gregorian calendar. But the old soli-lunar system (Nong Li) is still relevant. There are at least two Chinese calendars (solar and lunar), but they both deal with the fundamental notion of heavenly stems and earthly branches. The solar calendar is used in Feng Shui and in the Four Pillars of the Destiny (Ba Zi astrology or Zi Ping). The lunar calendar is mainly used in the other branch of the Chinese astrology, the Zi Wei Dou Shu.

The Chinese calendar is based on the sexagesimal cycle: there are 60 possible combinations (binomials) of stems and branches. This periodicity of 60 years corresponds to a new alignment of the Earth with the Moon, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars and Jupiter. The first observation dates back to 2637 b.c.e., which became the first year of the first cycle of 60 years. A period of 180 years is called a grand cycle and corresponds to three cycles of 60 years (called inferior cycle, median cycle, and superior cycle) and thus to nine periods of 20 years. The current grand cycle, the 26th one, started on February 4, 1864, and will last until February 3, 2044. The period of 1984 through February 2004 is the seventh period of the current grand cycle.

The solar new year begins at the precise time when the Sun goes over the 15 th degree of Aquarius, Beijing time. This corresponds to February 4 (sometimes February 5). This date is called Li Chun and marks the beginning of Chinese spring. Each solar month begins around the 4th or the 8th of the corresponding western month:

The first Chinese month = February (second Western month)

The second Chinese month = March (third Western month)

The eleventh Chinese month = December (twelfth Western month)

The twelfth Chinese month = January (first Western month)

The lunar new year is set on the winter solstice and can fall on any day between January 21 and February 20. A lunar year comprises 12 moons of 29 days (short moon) or 30 days (long moon), and regularly, a 13 th moon must be inserted to make up the gap. (A lunar calendar consists of moons, while a solar calendar consists of solar months.)

—Michele Delemme

References in periodicals archive ?
More than 100 people are believed to still be under the debris in a disaster that struck during the most important family holiday in the Chinese calendar - the Lunar New Year.
Held every 15th day of the eight month of the Chinese calendar, the Moon Cake Festival is the second grandest festival among the Chinese.
The Cardiff Bay entertainment complex in conjunction with the Cardiff Confucius Institute hosted the celebration, which included a traditional dancing lion spectacle, to welcome in the most important date in the Chinese calendar.
PEKyN (CyHAN)- Various celebrations were held in many parts of China to start of Lunar New Year, one of the most important holidays in the Chinese calendar.
Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the Chinese calendar.
According to the Chinese calendar, 2015 is the year of the goat.
LAST week marked the beginning of the Year of the Horse in the Chinese calendar, and with the horse crisis showing no signs of improving, the RSPCA is urging people to keep raising the issue with MPs, donate towards the cost of the horses in our care and consider rehoming rather than buying.
Festivities typically extend from the final day in the last month of the Chinese calendar through until the 15th day of the first month, culminating in a lantern festival.
Each year in the Chinese calendar relates to an animal, and this year is the horse, which, Shan says, means wearing red will bring good luck.
The most important celebration in the Chinese calendar will be marked with theatre shows, street parades, live music, food stalls and special cuisine.
com)-- It's a brand new year once again for the Chinese calendar and this year welcome the Year of the Horse as it brings good fortune and abundance to all.

Full browser ?