HOA

(redirected from Chinese in Vietnam)

HOA

(1) (Hangouts On Air) See Google+.

(2) (Higher Order Ambiosonics) See 3D Audio.
References in periodicals archive ?
In terms of tourist arrivals, the number of tourist arrivals of Chinese in Vietnam, in 2017, was at four million, while the Philippines only experienced one-fourth of the Chinese tourist arrivals in Vietnam.
Fourth, the situation of the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam and the way in which this minority was treated emerged as another dispute.
Three major issues contributed to the deterioration of relations from the end of the Vietnam War in late April 1975 to the Chinese attack on Vietnam in February-March 1979: different perceptions of the Soviet Union, relations with and influence in Cambodia, and the problem of the treatment of the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam. The relative importance of the territorial disputes is also considered.
The situation in which the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam were living underwent dramatic changes in 1978 with sweeping economic reforms involving the abolition of private trade and a currency reform.
As during the process of normalization, the problem did not seem to be related to the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam but to the fate of those who left for China in the late 1970s.
The status and the activities of the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam have gone through deep changes both in historical times and in modern times, particularly since 1975.
The book gives valuable contributions to the research on the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam. The introduction gives a good overview of the literature in Vietnamese and Russian languages.

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