Chingiz Aitmatov

Aitmatov, Chingiz


Born Dec. 12, 1928, in the kishlak (hamlet) Sheker, Kirovskii Raion, Kirghiz SSR. Soviet Kirghiz writer. Member of CPSU since 1959. Writes in Kirghiz and Russian.

Aitmatov graduated from an agricultural institute in 1953 and worked as a zootechnician. In 1952 he published his first story, the Russian-language “Newsman Dziuido.” His novella Dzhamilia (1958), about love which has stood the test, about the right of a previously oppressed Kirghiz woman to personal happiness and public work, became widely known. Aitmatov’s book Novellas of the Mountains and Steppes (1962) was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1963. In the novellas from this work (especially Dzhamilia and The First Teacher) and in the novella Farewell, Gul’sary! (1966; State Prize of the USSR, 1968), Aitmatov emerged as an innovative writer, a master of the psychological portrait. His central theme is the problem of man and society. Aitmatov’s heroes are spiritually powerful, humane, active people of the modern era. Aitmatov was deputy of the seventh convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.


Obon. Frunze, 1959.
In Russian translation:
“Litsom k litsu.” In Sb. rasskazov. Frunze, 1958.
Dzhamilia. Moscow, 1960.
Povesti gor i stepei. Moscow, 1963.
Proshchai, Gul’sary! Moscow, 1967.


Auezov, M. “Put’ dobryi!” Literaturnaia gazeta, Oct. 23, 1958.
“Dzhamilia i zarubezhnaia kritika.” Literaturnaia gazeta, Mar. 23, 1961.
Selivestrov, M. Otkroveniia liubvi: Zametki o tvorchestve Ch. Aitmatov a. Frunze, 1966.
Ashymbaev, B. Chyngyz Aitmatov. Frunze, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tajik movie screening is scheduled to begin on June 10 at 10 am in the House of Cinema named after Chingiz Aitmatov.
Inside that fence, purposeful alien rulers nearly succeeded in turning the people into, in the memorable image projected by Kyrgyz author Chingiz Aitmatov, "mankurts," people who had been conditioned to forget who they were.
The evening began with the presentation of a short documentary about Chingiz Aitmatov.
The Cinema House named after Chingiz Aitmatov will screen a documentary film entitled "Kamil" on April 25.
One need mention only Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, Thomas Mann and Hermann Hesse, Maksim Gorky and Leonid Leonov, Chingiz Aitmatov and Kenzaburo Oe.
Manuscripts Fund of the Institute of Language and Literature named after Chingiz Aitmatov was proposed to allocate 3 million som ($47 thousand), MPs said during the plenary session of the Parliament on April 1.
Do the novellas and novels of someone like Chingiz Aitmatov not belong among the highest achievements of modern world literature?
The capital city of Kazakhstan, Astana, is reportedly going to name one of its streets after Chingiz Aitmatov, Astana.
Jamila), that early masterpiece by Chingiz Aitmatov, was rejected at the outset by some Kyrgyz writer-elders as a "foreign body" at the very time the whole literary world was delighting in it, calling it a national phenomenon.
This book tells stories about Toktogul Satylganov, Yusuf Khass Hajib, Chingiz Aitmatov and others.
At a Writers Union meeting in Moscow in 1988, Chingiz Aitmatov, the world-famous Kyrgyz writer, and Muhammadjon Shukurov, a leading Tajik scholar (son of the ill-fated Sadri Ziyo), declared the national languages of Central Asia to be in danger of extinction and called for a campaign of conservation and revitalization.
It is gratifying that the festival is dedicated to the memory of great writer and humanist Chingiz Aitmatov, and is held on the day of his birth.