Chinua Achebe


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Achebe, Chinua

(chĭn`wä ächā`bā), 1930–2013, Nigerian writer, b. Albert Chinualumogu Achebe. A graduate of University College, Ibadan (1953), Achebe, an Igbo who wrote in English, is one of Africa's most acclaimed authors, and is considered by some to be the father of modern African literature. He taught briefly before becoming an executive at the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation (1961–66). Pioneering in their portrayal of African life from an African perspective, his early novels are the groundbreaking Things Fall Apart (1958), which has been acclaimed his masterpiece and is probably the most widely read book by a black African writer; No Longer at Ease (1960); and Arrow of God (1964). Forming a thematic trilogy, these works poignantly describe the confusing and often destructive effects of European colonialism and Western values on individual characters as well as on Igbo society, Nigeria, and the newly independent African nations.

His next novel, the political satire A Man of the People (1966), foreshadowed Nigeria's 1966 coups. Achebe served as a diplomat (1966–68) for BiafraBiafra, Republic of,
secessionist state of W Africa, in existence from May 30, 1967, to Jan. 15, 1970. At the outset Biafra comprised, roughly, the East-Central, South-Eastern, and Rivers states of the Federation of Nigeria, where the Igbo people predominated.
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 during the Nigerian civil war and later wrote two volumes of poetry, Beware, Soul Brother (1971) and Christmas in Biafra (1973), and one of literary essays, Morning Yet on Creation Day (1975), about the war. He taught at the Univ. of Nigeria, Nsukka (1976–81), and was founding editor (1971) of the influential journal Okike. Achebe returned to the novel with Anthills of the Savannah (1988), which explores the corruption and idealism of political life in postcolonial Africa. He also wrote numerous short stories, children's books, and essays. A paraplegic as a result of a 1990 automobile accident near Lagos, Achebe received medical treatment in London and in the United States, where he settled (1990). He taught at Bard College from 1990 to 2009 and at Brown from 2009 until his death. Three personal works, Home and Exile (2000), a collection of essays reflecting on his and his nation's coming of age; the autobiographical essays of The Education of a British-Protected Child (2009); and his memoir-history of the Biafran war, There Was a Country (2012), are the only books he published during this period. In 2007 he was awarded the Man Booker International Prize.

Bibliography

See B. Lindfors, ed., Conversations with Chinua Achebe (1997); biographies by Ezenwa-Obaeto (1997) and T. M. Sallah and N. Okonjo-Iweala (2003); studies by R. Wren (1980), B. C. Njoku (1984), C. L. Innes (1990), S. Gikandi (1991), K. H. Petersen and A. Rutherford, ed. (1991), R. O. Muoneke (1994), A. Gera (2001), E. N. Emenyonu, ed. (2003), M. Pandurang, ed. (2006), J. Morrison (2007), and B. Lindfors (2009); M. K. Booker, ed., The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia (2003)

References in periodicals archive ?
The novel Things Fall Apart is written by a Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe (1930-2013).
When asked about Nigeria's older generation of writers, Onuzo states, "There's no point citing Chinua Achebe because he is every Nigerian writer's biggest inspiration.
So no wonder his embarrassment for being mistaken for the Nigerian writer on various occasions, although he takes some comfort from the fact that there was hardly any writer of his generation who has not been mistaken for Chinua Achebe.
It was through his writing that I first heard about writers like Albert Camus, Pablo Neruda, Chinua Achebe and Jean- Paul Sartre.
THE PENGUIN ANTHOLOGY OF CONTEMporary African Writing, published in 2009, opens with a piece by the Nigerian author Chinua Achebe, who died last year at the age of 82.
Echoing Chinua Achebe and Ngugi wa Thiong'o, among others, Adichie writes, "The problem with stereotypes .
Chinua Achebe in his creative works has focused upon the portrayal of African experience before and after it was taken over by the European Christian colonisers and the resultant consequences of this encounter between the two cultures and the belief systems.
Africa and the literary world recently lost an icon when Nigeria-born Chinua Achebe died in Boston last month at age 82.
IKOLI VICTOR DOHA A LECTURER in the Department of English literature and Linguistics at Qatar University Dr Erin Holiday- Karre has described late Nigerian author Chinua Achebe as the father of modern African literature that inspired generations of writers across the globe.
CHINUA ACHEBE, the internationally celebrated Nigerian author, statesman and dissident who gave birth to modern African literature with Things Fall Apart, has died.
Summary: Cape Town: Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe, widely regarded as the father of modern African literature, .
The papers include critical analysis of works by Chinua Achebe, Chimamanda Adichie, Uwem Akpan, Ayi Kwei Armah, Hope Erghagha, Tanure Ojaide, Tayo Olafioye, and Tracies Utoh-Ezeajugh.