chintz

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chintz

(chĭnts) [probably Hindustani,=variegated], originally a painted or stained calico from India. Esteemed for its bright colors and designs, it was used in Europe for bedcovers and draperies. Reproductions of Indian designs and also original patterns were soon produced. Especially noted was toile de Jouy, manufactured from 1700 to 1843 at Jouy, near Paris. Both flower motifs and characteristic pictorial scenes are prized by collectors and imitated in modern prints. Modern chintz is usually made up of bright prints on a light background.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chintz

 

a uniformly dyed or printed lightweight cotton fabric produced by subjecting raw calico to a special finishing process. Owing to its broad range of patterns, colors, and finishes (soft, stiff, mat, shiny, embossed), chintz is widely used for making lightweight women’s and children’s clothing, men’s shirts, bed linen, and curtains.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

chintz

[chins]
(textiles)
A glazed cotton fabric often printed with figures, birds, and florals.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

chintz

1. a printed, patterned cotton fabric, with glazed finish
2. a painted or stained Indian calico
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005