Chipewyan


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Chipewyan

(chĭp'əwī`ən), Native North Americans of the AthabascanAthabascan
, Athapascan,
or Athapaskan
, group of related Native American languages forming a branch of the Nadene linguistic family or stock. In the preconquest period, Athabascan was a large and extensive group of tongues.
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 branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see also Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Formerly the largest of the Athabascan groups, scattered Chipewyan bands ranged W Canada between Great Slave Lake and the Churchill River. They were nomadic hunters and gatherers who lived in small groups of extended families, following the seasonal migration of caribou herds. The Chipewyan were in rivalry with the Woodland Cree; eventually their numbers were severely reduced by smallpox. They are not to be confused with the Chippewa or Ojibwa. In 1991 close to 10,000 Chipewyan were living in Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and the Northwest Territories.
References in periodicals archive ?
Partnership, a wholly owned entity of the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation.
These include the plural nature of Fort Chipewyan society and how the community was brought into the developing systems of Canadian law, economy, resource management, education, and other such "national" concerns.
From its founding as a fur trading center in 1788, Fort Chipewyan has had a pivotal role in the history of Alberta and of Canada as a whole.
Since he went public in 2006 with Fort Chipewyan's concerns about high rates of cancer in the community, O'Connor has become nationally recognized as the quintessential whistleblower.
The area was a no-man's-land where the Inuit and Chipewyan, using different strategies, depended for their livelihood on the caribou: "Whereas the lnuit positioned their camps at likely caribou crossings and waited, the Dene [Chipewyan] were more inclined to simply follow the caribou in their migration, not unlike a pack of wolves" (p.
Fort Chipewyan will receive CAD685,000 for wildlife control fencing; Grande Prairie will receive CAD105,414 in order to purchase a sand truck and a truck-mounted sander and CAD366,570 for a replacement snow blower; and High Level will receive CAD277,495 for a front-end loader and attachments.
But isolation has not protected the town's 1,200 residents--Mikisew Cree, Athabasca Chipewyan, and the descendants of French trappers--from the effects of the oil frenzy 70 miles upstream.
A recent health study commissioned by the Nunee Health Authority of Fort Chipewyan provides evidence that the governments of Alberta and Canada have been ignoring the evidence of toxic contamination on downstream indigenous communities.
Although these parasites are relatively easy to control, there was no evidence that sporadic veterinary presence in Fort Chipewyan reduced parasitism.
Now he received an unsigned, short manuscript, "The Chipewyan Woman and the Crees," dated 9 October 1951, perhaps prepared in anticipation of the artwork; a description of Cree winter dress; and two descriptions of "the white man's costume," comprising extracts from Hutchins and Isham.
In 1990, this focus dramatically broadened when citizens of Fort Chipewyan, a small aboriginal (1) community in a remote corner of the province, (2) took the initiative to do more.