Chipewyan

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Chipewyan

(chĭp'əwī`ən), Native North Americans of the AthabascanAthabascan
, Athapascan,
or Athapaskan
, group of related Native American languages forming a branch of the Nadene linguistic family or stock. In the preconquest period, Athabascan was a large and extensive group of tongues.
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 branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see also Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Formerly the largest of the Athabascan groups, scattered Chipewyan bands ranged W Canada between Great Slave Lake and the Churchill River. They were nomadic hunters and gatherers who lived in small groups of extended families, following the seasonal migration of caribou herds. The Chipewyan were in rivalry with the Woodland Cree; eventually their numbers were severely reduced by smallpox. They are not to be confused with the Chippewa or Ojibwa. In 1991 close to 10,000 Chipewyan were living in Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and the Northwest Territories.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chipewyan responded by moving further west and becoming trappers in the boreal forest where fur species were more abundant.
While this is understood to be the western boundary of occupation, various groups of Chipewyan conducted 'resource raids' much further west of this line in the 1820-30s, (2) while one group of Chipewyan, led by Grand Blanc, occupied the upper Hay River region from at least as early as 1800.
6) As described by Alexander Mackenzie, (7) this post was to be manned by one clerk, three men, and an interpreter for the Chipewyan.
13) The HBC officers there encouraged their own Chipewyan trappers to exploit the Hay River as an area less depleted of fur and game than the western end of Lake Athabasca.
Certains de ces Chipewyans du sud finirent par etre connus sous le nom de Kesyehot'ine,
Outre le fait qu'ils devinrent des chasseurs exceptionnels dans la traite des fourrures en plein developpement, les Chipewyans du sud donnerent une nouvelle orientation a leur economie de subsistance et a leur culture alimentaire en se tournant vers l'orignal et le caribou des bois, tres communs aux environs de la riviere Churchill.
Tout au long du XIXe siecle, les Chipewyans du sud ont developpe des relations economiques etroites avec la classe en expansion des Eurocanadiens et des Metis cris qui constituaient le personnel du poste de traite de la CBH au fort de l'Ile-a-la-Crosse.
Vers les annees 1890, les Chipewyans apparaissaient regulierement pour les services religieux de Noel et de Paques a la mission, ainsi que pour les rassemblements d'ete voues a l'instruction religieuse.
Now he received an unsigned, short manuscript, "The Chipewyan Woman and the Crees," dated 9 October 1951, perhaps prepared in anticipation of the artwork; a description of Cree winter dress; and two descriptions of "the white man's costume," comprising extracts from Hutchins and Isham.
In Johnson's words: "This Chipewyan woman might be a modern counterpart of the "Slave Woman.
Sylvia Van Kirk's article in The Beaver used the portrait by Edward Curtis of a young Chipewyan woman from Cold Lake.
The first page depicts the Chipewyan story-telling tradition, showing how Thanadelthur's story was passed down from one generation to another, keeping it alive for nearly 300 years.